November 24, 2020

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The World of Nano-Biomechanics

The World of Nano-Biomechanics
Author : Atsushi Ikai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-11-02
Category : Science
Total pages :300
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By using nanotechnological methods, we can now poke around protein molecules, genes, membranes, cells and more. Observation of such entities through optical and electron microscopes tempt us to touch and manipulate them. It is now possible to do so, and scientists around the world have started pulling, pushing and cutting small structures at the base of life processes to understand the effect of our hand work. The book describes the physical properties of such life supporting structures from the molecular level with a special emphasis on their designs based on the mechanical strength and flexibility, membrane and other biological nanostructures. - Describes the basic mechanical features of proteins, DNA, cell membrane and other biological nanostructures - Explains the basic concepts and mathematics of elementary mechanics needed to understand and perform experimental work

The World of Nano-Biomechanics

The World of Nano-Biomechanics
Author : Atsushi Ikai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-11-18
Category : Science
Total pages :340
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The World of Nano-Biomechanics, Second Edition, focuses on the remarkable progress in the application of force spectroscopy to molecular and cellular biology that has occurred since the book's first edition in 2008. The initial excitement of seeing and touching a single molecule of protein/DNA is now culminating in the development of various ways to manipulate molecules and cells almost at our fingertips, enabling live cell operations. Topics include the development of molecular biosensors, mechanical diagnosis, cellular-level wound healing, and a look into the advances that have been made in our understanding of the significance of mechanical rigidity/flexibility of protein/DNA structure for the manifestation of biological activities. The book begins with a summary of the results of basic mechanics to help readers who are unfamiliar with engineering mechanics. Then, representative results obtained on biological macromolecules and structures, such as proteins, DNA, RNA, polysaccharides, lipid membranes, subcellular organelles, and live cells are discussed. New to this second edition are recent developments in three important applications, i.e., advanced AFM-data analysis, high-resolution mechanical biosensing, and the use of cell mechanics for medical diagnosis. Explains the basic physical concepts and mathematics of elementary mechanics needed to understand and perform experimental work on small-scale biological samples Presents recent developments of force-based biosensing Includes novel applications of nano-biomechanics to the medical field

Integrated Nano-Biomechanics

Integrated Nano-Biomechanics
Author : Takami Yamaguchi,Takuji Ishikawa,Yohsuke Imai
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2018-06-27
Category : Medical
Total pages :314
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Integrated Nano-Biomechanics provides an integrated look into the rapidly evolving field of nanobiomechanics. The book demystifies the processes in living organisms at the micro- and nano-scale through mechanics, using theoretical, computational and experimental means. The book develops the concept of integrating different technologies along the hierarchical structure of biological systems and clarifies biomechanical interactions among different levels for the analysis of multi-scale pathophysiological phenomena. With a focus on nano-scale processes and biomedical applications, it is shown how knowledge obtained can be utilized in a range of areas, including diagnosis and treatment of various human diseases and alternative energy production. This book is based on collaboration of researchers from a unique combination of fields, including biomechanics, computational mechanics, GPU application, electron microscopy, biology of motile micro-organisms, entomological mechanics and clinical medicine. The book will be of great interest to scientists and researchers involved in disciplines, such as micro- and nano-engineering, bionanotechnology, biomedical engineering, micro- and nano-scale fluid-mechanics (such as in MEMS devices), nanomedicine and microbiology, as well as industries such as optical devices, computer simulation, plant based energy sources and clinical diagnosis of the gastric diseases. Provides knowledge of integrated biomechanics, focusing on nano-scale, in this rapidly growing research field Explains how the different technologies can be integrated and applied in a variety of biomedical application fields, as well as for alternative energy sources Uses a collaborative, multidisciplinary approach to provide a comprehensive coverage of nano-biomechanics

Emerging ICT for Bridging the Future - Proceedings of the 49th Annual Convention of the Computer Society of India (CSI)

Emerging ICT for Bridging the Future - Proceedings of the 49th Annual Convention of the Computer Society of India (CSI)
Author : Suresh Chandra Satapathy,A. Govardhan,K. Srujan Raju,J. K. Mandal
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-11-30
Category : Computers
Total pages :667
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This volume contains 73 papers presented at CSI 2014: Emerging ICT for Bridging the Future: Proceedings of the 49th Annual Convention of Computer Society of India. The convention was held during 12-14, December, 2014 at Hyderabad, Telangana, India. This volume contains papers mainly focused on Fuzzy Systems, Image Processing, Software Engineering, Cyber Security and Digital Forensic, E-Commerce, Big Data, Cloud Computing and ICT applications.

Atomic Force Microscopy in Liquid

Atomic Force Microscopy in Liquid
Author : Arturo M. Baró,Ronald G. Reifenberger
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-08-01
Category : Science
Total pages :402
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About 40 % of current atomic force microscopy (AFM) research is performed in liquids, making liquid-based AFM a rapidly growing and important tool for the study of biological materials. This book focuses on the underlying principles and experimental aspects of AFM under liquid, with an easy-to-follow organization intended for new AFM scientists. The book also serves as an up-to-date review of new AFM techniques developed especially for biological samples. Aimed at physicists, materials scientists, biologists, analytical chemists, and medicinal chemists. An ideal reference book for libraries. From the contents: Part I: General Atomic Force Microscopy * AFM: Basic Concepts * Carbon Nanotube Tips in Atomic Force Microscopy with * Applications to Imaging in Liquid * Force Spectroscopy * Atomic Force Microscopy in Liquid * Fundamentals of AFM Cantilever Dynamics in Liquid * Environments * Single-Molecule Force Spectroscopy * High-Speed AFM for Observing Dynamic Processes in Liquid * Integration of AFM with Optical Microscopy Techniques Part II: Biological Applications * DNA and Protein-DNA Complexes * Single-Molecule Force Microscopy of Cellular Sensors * AFM-Based Single-Cell Force Spectroscopy * Nano-Surgical Manipulation of Living Cells with the AFM

Nano-biomedical Engineering 2009

Nano-biomedical Engineering 2009
Author : Takami Yamaguchi
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2009
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :469
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This proceedings volume details both current and future research and development initiatives in nano-biomedical engineering, arguably the most important technology of the world in the 21st century. It deals with the following four groups of nano-biomedical engineering: nano-biomechanics, nano-bioimaging, nano-biodevices, and nano-biointervention. Consisting of a compilation of studies conducted by group members of the Tohoku University Global Center of Excellence Program, with specially coordinated funding from the Japanese Government, the papers emphasize the integration of research and education collaboration between engineering and medicine, and showcase Japan's top-level research in the field of nano-biomedical engineering.

Nano-Biomedical Engineering 2009 - Proceedings of the Tohoku University Global Centre of Excellence Programme

Nano-Biomedical Engineering 2009 - Proceedings of the Tohoku University Global Centre of Excellence Programme
Author : Takami Yamaguchi
Publisher : Imperial College Press
Release Date : 2009
Category : Biomedical engineering
Total pages :482
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This proceedings volume details both current and future research and development initiatives in nano-biomedical engineering, arguably the most important technology of the world in the 21st century. It deals with the following four groups of nano-biomedical engineering: nano-biomechanics, nano-bioimaging, nano-biodevices, and nano-biointervention.

Nano-biomedical Engineering 2012

Nano-biomedical Engineering 2012
Author : Takami Yamaguchi
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2012
Category : Medical
Total pages :660
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This book focuses on nano-biomedical engineering, the most important key technology in the world in the 21st century. It covers virtually everything within current and future research and the development of biomedical engineering. It follows four groups within the field, namely nano-biomechanics, nano-bioimaging, nano-biodevices, and nano-biointervention.

Biomechanics at Micro- and Nanoscale Levels

Biomechanics at Micro- and Nanoscale Levels
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research

Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2005-03-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :70
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Nanotechnology is often described as an emerging technology - one that not only holds promise for society, but also is capable of revolutionizing our approaches to common problems. Nanotechnology is not a completely new field; however, it is only recently that discoveries in this field have advanced so far as to warrant examination of their impact upon the world around us. Nanotechnology has direct beneficial applications for medicine and the environment, but like all technologies it may have unintended effects that can adversely impact the environment, both within the human body and within the natural ecosystem. How does the science move forward in a way that best protects the public and gets health and safety right the first time? Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research identifies the areas in which additional research is needed and the processes by which changes can occur.

Biomechanics at Micro- and Nanoscale Levels

Biomechanics at Micro- and Nanoscale Levels
Author : Hiroshi Wada
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2005-01-04
Category : Science
Total pages :184
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This book is essential reading for those interested in understanding current trends of research in the area of biomechanics at micro- and nanoscale levels. It details the research carried out to date in this field by fourteen prominent researchers as part of a four-year government supported project which commenced in 2003. It consists of four chapters entitled Cell Mechanics, Cell Response to Mechanical Stimulation, Tissue Engineering and Computational Biomechanics. Contents:Cell Mechanics:Imaging and Mechanical Properties of Guinea Pig Outer Hair Cells Studied by Atomic Force Microscopy (H Wada et al.)Development of a Novel Micro Tensile Tester for Single Isolated Cells and Its Application to Viscoelastic Analysis of Aortic Smooth Muscle Cells (T Matsumoto et al.)Shear Dependent Albumin Uptake in Cultured Endothelial Cells (K Tanishita et al.)Biomechanical and Biotribological Importance of Surface and Surface Zone in Articular Cartilage (T Murakami et al.)Cell Response to Mechanical Stimulation: Osteoblasts Mechanosensitivity to Localized Mechanical Stimulus Depends on Orientation of Cytoskeletal Actin Fibers (T Adachi & K Sato)Microbiomechanical Properties of Cultured Endothelial Cells Estimated by Atomic Force Microscopy (M Sato)Effects of Mechanical Stresses on the Migrating Behavior of Endothelial Cells (T Tanaka et al.)Tissue Engineering:Engineering Approaches to Regulate Cell Differentiation and Tissue Regeneration (T Ushida et al.)A New Theory on the Localization of Vascular Diseases (T Karino et al.)Automorphogenesis of Load Bearing Fibrous Tissues: Generation of Tensile Stress, Cell Alignment, and Matrix Deformation by Fibroblasts (K Takakuda)Computational Biomechanics:Note on Anisotropic Properties of Cancellous Bone and Trabeculae: Elasticity and Hardness (M Tanaka et al.)Application of Computational Biomechanics to Clinical Cardiovascular Medicine (T Yamaguchi)Biomechanical Study for Skeletal Muscle Injury and a View of Micro-Biomechanics for Microstructure of Muscle (S Yamamoto & E Tanaka)Mechanical Behavior and Structural Changes of Cells Subjected to Mechanical Stimuli: Deformation, Freezing, and Shock Waves (H Yamada et al.) Readership: Engineers, physiologists, biologists and medical doctors interested in biomechanics; graduate students. Keywords:Bioengineering;Biomedical Engineering;Biomechanics;Micro & Nanoscale;Cells;Mechanical Stimulation;Tissue Engineering;ComputationKey Features:First in a series of volumes on the most current research into biomechanics at micro- and nanoscale levelsA comprehensive review on the trend and level of research in this area in Japan

Biomechanics

Biomechanics
Author : Anonim
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2019-01-30
Category : Medical
Total pages :112
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I have taught a variety of courses in biomechanics, introductory and advanced, at multiple universities in Canada. I have not been able to find or use an appropriate textbook for students whose background is not biomedical engineering. It should be noted that there are many outstanding books on biomechanics; however, they are usually not very introductory or the topics covered are too detailed, which makes it impossible for those audiences to make effective use of the book. The present book is an attempt to fill this gap. No previous familiarity of anatomy, biology, or physiology is expected, and in fact every chapter begins with a review of the relevant necessary background. Each chapter then highlights identification and explanation of the indispensable aspects of the associated biomechanics issues.

IEICE Transactions on Electronics

IEICE Transactions on Electronics
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category : Electrical engineering
Total pages :129
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Biomechanical Modeling of the Cardiovascular System

Biomechanical Modeling of the Cardiovascular System
Author : Ricardo Luis Armentano,Edmundo Ignacio Cabrera Fischer,Leandro J. Cymberknop
Publisher : Iph001
Release Date : 2019-04-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :275
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Biomechanical Modeling of the Cardiovascular System brings together the challenges and experiences of academic scientists, leading engineers, industry researchers and students to enable them to analyse results of all aspects of biomechanics and biomedical engineering. It also provides a springboard to discuss the practical challenges and to propose solutions on this complex subject.

Nano Comes to Life

Nano Comes to Life
Author : Sonia Contera
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release Date : 2019-11-05
Category : Medical
Total pages :240
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"Increasingly, scientists are gaining control over matter at the nanometer scale. Spearheaded by physical scientists operating at the interfaces of physics and biology (such as the author herself), advances in nanoscience and technology are transforming how we think about life and treat human health. This is due to a convergence of size. To do medicine, one must understand and be able to reach the nanoscale environment of healthy cells in tissues and organs, as well as other nano-sized building blocks that constitute a living organism, such as proteins and DNA. The ground-breaking advances being made at the frontiers of nanoscience and -technology, specifically in the areas of biology and medicine, are the subject of this short, popular-level book. Chapter 1 describes how nanotechnology and quantitative methods in biology are progressively being deployed to embrace life in all its multiscale, hierarchical intricacy and multiplicity. Chapters 2 through 4 review how bioinspired and biomimetic nanostructures and nanomachines are being created and integrated into strategies aimed at solving specific medical problems. In particular, Chapter 2 summarizes how scientists are seeking to build artificial nanostructures using both biological molecules and the organizational principles of biology. Chapter 3 gives an account of how nanotechnology is being used to develop drug-delivery strategies that specifically target cancer cells and tumors to improve the efficacy of current cancer chemotherapies. Chapter 4 reviews the science of one of the most potentially transformative scientific fields: tissue engineering. In a concluding chapter (Chapter 5), Contera reviews how nanotechnology, biology, and medicine will continue fusing with other sciences and technologies - incorporating more mathematical and computational modelling, as well as AI and robotics. Nanoscale devices will be used to learn biology; and biology will be used to inspire increasingly sophisticated "transmaterial" devices that mimic some of the characteristics of biology and incorporate new features that are not available in the biological world. The effects on human health and longevity will be profound. In a more personal epilogue, Contera describes the crossroads at which we find ourselves. Accessing our own biology evokes a mixture of possibility and dread. However, Contera maintains that we can create a positive transmaterial world for the benefit of humankind, and she describes ways in which scientists are proactively engaging with the public, politicians, industry, and entrepreneurs, as well as the media and the arts, to communicate the power and risks of new advances and to influence the ways in which new technologies will affect our future"--