November 28, 2020

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Theory of Simple Liquids

Theory of Simple Liquids
Author : Jean-Pierre Hansen,I.R. McDonald
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2006-02-08
Category : Science
Total pages :428
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The third edition of Theory of Simple Liquids is an updated, advanced, but self-contained introduction to the principles of liquid-state theory. It presents the modern, molecular theory of the structural, thermodynamic interfacial and dynamical properties of the liquid phase of materials constituted of atoms, small molecules or ions. This book leans on concepts and methods form classical Statistical Mechanics in which theoretical predictions are systematically compared with experimental data and results from numerical simulations. The overall layout of the book is similar to that of the previous two editions however, there are considerable changes in emphasis and several key additions including: •up-to-date presentation of modern theories of liquid-vapour coexistence and criticality •areas of considerable present and future interest such as super-cooled liquids and the glass transition •the area of liquid metals, which has grown into a mature subject area, now presented as part of the chapter ionic liquids •Provides cutting-edge research in the principles of liquid-state theory •Includes frequent comparisons of theoretical predictions with experimental and simulation data •Suitable for researchers and post-graduates in the field of condensed matter science (Physics, Chemistry, Material Science), biophysics as well as those in the oil industry

Theory of Simple Liquids

Theory of Simple Liquids
Author : Jean-Pierre Hansen,Ian R. McDonald
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1990-09-24
Category : Science
Total pages :556
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This book gives a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of the theory of "simple" liquids. The new second edition has been rearranged and considerably expanded to give a balanced account both of basic theory and of the advances of the past decade. It presents the main ideas of modern liquid state theory in a way that is both pedagogical and self-contained. The book should be accessible to graduate students and research workers, both experimentalists and theorists, who have a good background in elementary mechanics. Compares theoretical deductions with experimental results Molecular dynamics Monte Carlo computations Covers ionic, metallic, and molecular liquids

Theory of simple liquids : with applications to soft matter

Theory of simple liquids : with applications to soft matter
Author : Jean-Pierre Hansen
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2013
Category : Liquids
Total pages :619
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Theory of Simple Liquids

Theory of Simple Liquids
Author : Jean-Pierre Hansen
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2014
Category :
Total pages :129
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This book gives a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of the theory of ""simple"" liquids. The new second edition has been rearranged and considerably expanded to give a balanced account both of basic theory and of the advances of the past decade. It presents the main ideas of modern liquid state theory in a way that is both pedagogical and self-contained. The book should be accessible to graduate students and research workers, both experimentalists and theorists, who have a good background in elementary mechanics. Key Features * Compares theoretical deductions with experimental r

Basic Concepts for Simple and Complex Liquids

Basic Concepts for Simple and Complex Liquids
Author : Jean-Louis Barrat,Jean-Pierre Hansen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2003-03-27
Category : Science
Total pages :296
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Presenting a unified approach, this book focusses on the concepts and theoretical methods that are necessary for an understanding of the physics and chemistry of the fluid state. The authors do not attempt to cover the whole field in an encyclopedic manner. Instead, important ideas are presented in a concise and rigorous style, and illustrated with examples from both simple molecular liquids and more complex soft condensed matter systems such as polymers, colloids, and liquid crystals.

Physics of Simple Liquids

Physics of Simple Liquids
Author : H. N. V. Temperley,G. S. Rushbrooke
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1968
Category : Kinetic theory of liquids
Total pages :713
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Theory of Simple Glasses

Theory of Simple Glasses
Author : Giorgio Parisi,Pierfrancesco Urbani,Francesco Zamponi
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2020-01-09
Category : Science
Total pages :349
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This self-contained text describes the modern mean field theory of simple structural glasses using a quantum statistical mechanical approach. Describing the theory in clear and simple terms, this is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers working in condensed matter physics and statistical mechanics.

Statistical Mechanics of Liquids and Solutions

Statistical Mechanics of Liquids and Solutions
Author : Roland Kjellander
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-07-30
Category : Science
Total pages :544
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The statistical mechanical theory of liquids and solutions is a fundamental area of physical sciences with important implications for many industrial applications. This book shows how you can start from basic laws for the interactions and motions of microscopic particles and calculate how macroscopic systems of these particles behave, thereby explaining properties of matter at the scale that we perceive. Using this microscopic, molecular approach, the text emphasizes clarity of physical explanations for phenomena and mechanisms relevant to fluids, addressing the structure and behavior of liquids and solutions under various conditions. A notable feature is the author’s treatment of forces between particles that include nanoparticles, macroparticles, and surfaces. The book also provides an expanded, in-depth treatment of polar liquids and electrolytes.

Introduction to the Theory of Soft Matter

Introduction to the Theory of Soft Matter
Author : Jonathan V. Selinger
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-08-19
Category : Science
Total pages :185
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This book presents the theory of soft matter to students at the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate level. It provides a basic introduction to theoretical physics as applied to soft matter, explaining the concepts of symmetry, broken symmetry, and order parameters; phases and phase transitions; mean-field theory; and the mathematics of variational calculus and tensors. It is written in an informal, conversational style, which is accessible to students from a diverse range of backgrounds. The book begins with a simple “toy model” to demonstrate the physical significance of free energy. It then introduces two standard theories of phase transitions—the Ising model for ferromagnetism and van der Waals theory of gases and liquids—and uses them to illustrate principles of statistical mechanics. From those examples, it moves on to discuss order, disorder, and broken symmetry in many states of matter, and to explain the theoretical methods that are used to model the phenomena. It concludes with a chapter on liquid crystals, which brings together all of these physical and mathematical concepts. The book is accompanied online by a set of “interactive figures”—some allow readers to change parameters and see what happens to a graph, some allow readers to rotate a plot or other graphics in 3D, and some do both. These interactive figures help students to develop their intuition for the physical meaning of equations. This book will prepare advanced undergraduate or early graduate students to go into more advanced theoretical studies. It will also equip students going into experimental soft matter science to be fully conversant with the theoretical aspects and have effective collaborations with theorists.

Theory of Liquids and Other Disordered Media

Theory of Liquids and Other Disordered Media
Author : Walter Schirmacher
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-08-19
Category : Science
Total pages :167
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This set of lectures provides an introduction to the structure, thermodynamics and dynamics of liquids, binary solutions and polymers at a level that will enable graduate students and non-specialist researchers to understand more specialized literature and to possibly start their own work in this field. Part I starts with the introduction of distribution functions, which describe the statistical arrangements of atoms or molecules in a simple liquid. The main concepts involve mean field theories like the Perkus-Yevick theory and the random phase approximation, which relate the forces to the distribution functions. In order to provide a concise, self-contained text, an understanding of the general statistical mechanics of an interacting many-body system is assumed. The fact that in a classic liquid the static and dynamic aspects of such a system can be discussed separately forms the basis of the two-fold structure of this approach. In order to allow polymer melts and solutions to be discussed, a short chapter acquaints readers with scaling concepts by discussing random walks and fractals. Part II of the lecture series is essentially devoted to the presentation of the dynamics of simple and complex liquids in terms of the generalized hydrodynamics concept, such as that introduced by Mori and Zwanzig. A special topic is a comprehensive introduction of the liquid-glass transition and its discussion in terms of a mode-coupling theory.

Quantum Theory of the Electron Liquid

Quantum Theory of the Electron Liquid
Author : Gabriele Giuliani,Giovanni Vignale
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2005-03-31
Category : Science
Total pages :777
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Modern electronic devices and novel materials often derive their extraordinary properties from the intriguing, complex behavior of large numbers of electrons forming what is known as an electron liquid. This book provides an in-depth introduction to the physics of the interacting electron liquid in a broad variety of systems, including metals, semiconductors, artificial nano-structures, atoms and molecules. One, two and three dimensional systems are treated separately and in parallel. Different phases of the electron liquid, from the Landau Fermi liquid to the Wigner crystal, from the Luttinger liquid to the quantum Hall liquid are extensively discussed. Both static and time-dependent density functional theory are presented in detail. Although the emphasis is on the development of the basic physical ideas and on a critical discussion of the most useful approximations, the formal derivation of the results is highly detailed and based on the simplest, most direct methods.

Nuclear Spin Relaxation in Liquids

Nuclear Spin Relaxation in Liquids
Author : Jozef Kowalewski,Lena Maler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-12-14
Category : Science
Total pages :372
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Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is widely used across many fields of science because of the rich data it produces, and some of the most valuable data come from studies of nuclear spin relaxation in solution. The first edition of this book, published more than a decade ago, provided an accessible and cohesive treatment of the field. The present second edition is a significant update, covering important new developments in recent years. Collecting relaxation theory, experimental techniques, and illustrative applications into a single volume, this book clarifies the nature of the phenomenon, shows how to study it and explains why such studies are worthwhile. Coverage ranges from basic to rigorous theory and from simple to sophisticated experimental methods. Topics include cross-relaxation, multispin phenomena, relaxation studies of molecular dynamics and structure and special topics such as relaxation in systems with quadrupolar nuclei, in paramagnetic systems and in long-living spin states. Avoiding overly demanding mathematics, the authors explain spin relaxation in a manner that anyone with a familiarity with NMR can follow. The focus is on illustrating and explaining the physical nature of relaxation phenomena. Nuclear Spin Relaxation in Liquids: Theory, Experiments and Applications, 2nd edition, provides useful supplementary reading for graduate students and is a valuable reference for NMR spectroscopists, whether in chemistry, physics or biochemistry.

An Introduction to the Statistical Theory of Classical Simple Dense Fluids

An Introduction to the Statistical Theory of Classical Simple Dense Fluids
Author : G.H.A. Cole
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-06-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :296
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An Introduction to the Statistical Theory of Classical Simple Dense Fluids covers certain aspects of the study of dense fluids, based on the analysis of the correlation effects between representative small groupings of molecules. The book starts by discussing empirical considerations including the physical characteristics of fluids; measured molecular spatial distribution; scattering by a continuous medium; the radial distribution function; the mean potential; and the molecular motion in liquids. The text describes the application of the theories to the description of dense fluids (i.e. interparticle force, classical particle trajectories, and the Liouville Theorem) and the deduction of expressions for the fluid thermodynamic functions. The theory of equilibrium short-range order by using the concept of closure approximation or total correlation; some numerical consequences of the equilibrium theory; and irreversibility are also looked into. The book further tackles the kinetic derivation of the Maxwell-Boltzmann (MB) equation; the statistical derivation of the MB equation; the movement to equilibrium; gas in a steady state; and viscosity and thermal conductivity. The text also discusses non-equilibrium liquids. Physicists, chemists, and engineers will find the book invaluable.

Theory of Molecular Fluids

Theory of Molecular Fluids
Author : Christopher G. Gray,Keith E. Gubbins,Christopher G. Joslin
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2011-10-13
Category : Science
Total pages :785
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Existing texts on the statistical mechanics of liquids treat only spherical molecules. However, nearly all fluids of practical interest are composed of non-spherical molecules that are often dipolar or exhibit other kinds of electrostatic forces. This book describes the statistical mechanical theory of fluids of non-spherical molecules and its application to the calculation of physical properties, and is a sequel to Theory of Molecular Fluids. Volume 1: Fundamentals by C.G. Gray and K.E. Gubbins. The emphasis is on the new phenomena that arise due to the non-spherical nature of the intermolecular forces, such as new phase transitions, structural features and dielectric effects. It contains chapters on the thermodynamic properties of pure and mixed fluids, surface properties, X-ray and neutron diffraction structure factors, dielectric properties and spectroscopic properties. The book is aimed at beginning graduate students and research workers in chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering.

Liquid-Liquid and Solid-Liquid Extractors

Liquid-Liquid and Solid-Liquid Extractors
Author : Jean-Paul Duroudier
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-09-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :178
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Liquid-Liquid and Solid-Liquid Extractors, part of the Industrial Equipment for Chemical Engineering set, presents a concise and easy-to-use book on the calculation of differential liquid–liquid extraction, an investigation of equilibrium and material transfer between a fluid and a divided solid, and the fundamentals of liquid–solid extraction, among other strategies. The author also provides methods needed for the understanding the machinery used in applied thermodynamics in the hopes of encouraging students and engineers to construct the programs they need. Chapters are complemented with appendices which provide additional information and associated references. Presents reliable and simple methods of extraction and partitioning Provides a clear analysis on the topic of liquid-liquid and solid-liquid extraction Includes practical applications that readers can implement and study