January 25, 2021

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Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, Second Edition

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, Second Edition
Author : Charles A. Wilkie,Alexander B. Morgan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2009-12-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :853
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When dealing with challenges such as providing fire protection while considering cost, mechanical and thermal performance and simultaneously addressing increasing regulations that deal with composition of matter and life cycle issues, there are no quick, one-size-fits-all answers. Packed with comprehensive coverage, scientific approach, step-by-step directions, and a distillation of technical knowledge, the first edition of Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials broke new ground. It supplied a one-stop resource for the development of new fire safe materials. The editors have expanded the second edition to echo the multidisciplinary approach inherent in current flame retardancy technology and put it in a revised, more user-friendly format. More than just an update of previously covered topics, this edition discusses: additional fire retardant chemistry developments in regulations and standards new flame retardant approaches fire safety engineering modeling and fire growth phenomena The book introduces flame retardants polymer-by-polymer, supplemented by a brief overview of mode of action and interaction, and all the other ancillary issues involved in this applied field of materials science. The book delineates what, why, and how to do it, covering the fundamentals of polymer burning/combustion and how to apply these systems and chemistries to specific materials classes. It also provides suggested formulations, discusses why certain materials are preferred for particular uses or applications, and offers a starting point from which to develop fire-safe materials.

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials

Thermal Degradation of Polymeric Materials
Author : Krzysztof Pielichowski,James Njuguna
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release Date : 2005
Category : Science
Total pages :306
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Understanding the thermal degradation of polymers is of paramount importance for developing a rational technology of polymer processing and higher-temperature applications. Controlling degradation requires understanding of many different phenomena, including chemical mechanisms, the influence of polymer morphology, the complexities of oxidation chemistry, and the effects of stabilisers, fillers and other additives. This book offers a wealth of information for polymer researchers and processors requiring an understanding of the implications of thermal degradation on material and product performance.

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2012-10-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :936
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Nothing stays the same for ever. The environmental degradation and corrosion of materials is inevitable and affects most aspects of life. In industrial settings, this inescapable fact has very significant financial, safety and environmental implications. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials explains how to measure, analyse, and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors such as weather, seawater, and fire. Divided into sections which deal with analysis, types of degradation, protection and surface engineering respectively, the reader is introduced to the wide variety of environmental effects and what can be done to control them. The expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering knowhow, complementing their explanations and advice with Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensures that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment. The Handbook's broad scope introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete,wood and textiles For each type of material, the book describes the kind of degradation that effects it and how best to protect it Case Studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects

Compostable Polymer Materials

Compostable Polymer Materials
Author : Ewa Rudnik
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2019-06-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :410
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Compostable Polymer Materials, Second Edition, deals with the environmentally important family of polymers designed to be disposed of in industrial and municipal compost facilities after their useful life. These compostable plastics undergo degradation and leave no visible, distinguishable, or toxic residue. Environmental concerns and legislative measures taken in different regions of the world make composting an increasingly attractive route for the disposal of redundant polymers. This book covers the entire spectrum of preparation, degradation, and evironmental issues related to compostable polymers. It emphasizes recent studies concerning compostability and ecotoxilogical assessment of polymer materials. It descibes the thermal behavior, including flammability properties, of compostable polymers. It also explores possible routes of compostable polymers waste disposal through an ecological lens. Finally, the book examines the economic factors at work, including price evolution over the past decade, the current market, and future perspectives. Compostable Polymer Materials is an essential resource for graduate students and scientists working in chemistry, materials science, ecology, and environmental science. Provides a comprehensive study of the composting process Details methods of compostable polymers preparation, including properties, processing and applications Presents the state-of-the-art knowledge on ecotoxicity testing and biodegradation under real composting conditions of compostable polymers, as well as biodegradation in various environments, such as marine environments and anaerobic conditions Discusses the evolution of waste management in Europe and the United States, as well as the status of MSW disposal and treatment methods in countries such as China and Brazil Overviews biodegradation studies under real composting conditions of products made of compostable polymers, e.g. bags, bottles, cutletry Analyzes evolution of market development, including price of compostable polymers during the last decade

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences

Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012-12-28
Category : Law
Total pages :2250
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Forensic science includes all aspects of investigating a crime, including: chemistry, biology and physics, and also incorporates countless other specialties. Today, the service offered under the guise of "forensic science’ includes specialties from virtually all aspects of modern science, medicine, engineering, mathematics and technology. The Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, Second Edition is a reference source that will inform both the crime scene worker and the laboratory worker of each other’s protocols, procedures and limitations. Written by leading scientists in each area, every article is peer reviewed to establish clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. As reflected in the specialties of its Editorial Board, the contents covers the core theories, methods and techniques employed by forensic scientists – and applications of these that are used in forensic analysis. This 4-volume set represents a 30% growth in articles from the first edition, with a particular increase in coverage of DNA and digital forensics Includes an international collection of contributors The second edition features a new 21-member editorial board, half of which are internationally based Includes over 300 articles, approximately 10pp on average Each article features a) suggested readings which point readers to additional sources for more information, b) a list of related Web sites, c) a 5-10 word glossary and definition paragraph, and d) cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedia Available online via SciVerse ScienceDirect. Please visit www.info.sciencedirect.com for more information This new edition continues the reputation of the first edition, which was awarded an Honorable Mention in the prestigious Dartmouth Medal competition for 2001. This award honors the creation of reference works of outstanding quality and significance, and is sponsored by the RUSA Committee of the American Library Association

Theory of Flame Retardation of Polymeric Materials

Theory of Flame Retardation of Polymeric Materials
Author : Li Jianjun,Ou Yuxiang
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date : 2019-08-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :288
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Flame retardant materials are of vital importance in guaranteeing personal security. Especially the demand for non-toxic, low smoking, polymerized flame retardants increases and new materials enter the market. The authors present the fundamental theory of polymer combustion, compare different flame retardants, describe smoke suppression mechanisms, and explain analyzing techniques for new materials.

Product Safety Evaluation Handbook, Second Edition

Product Safety Evaluation Handbook, Second Edition
Author : Shayne C. Gad
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1999-07-02
Category : Medical
Total pages :712
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"Provides comprehensive, single-source coverage of the latest toxicity testing requirements and methods for personal care products, industrial and agricultural chemicals, and consumer goods. Second Edition, contains a new chapter on toxicokinetic testing and modeling, offers the latest solutions to common problems in testing and risk assessment, supplies an updated bibliography and more than 1300 references-over 100 new to this edition, and more."

Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization

Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-03-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :430
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This book, the second edition of the first monograph fully devoted to UV degradation and stabilization ever published in English, has 12 chapters discussing different aspects of UV related phenomena occurring when polymeric materials are exposed to UV radiation. In the introduction the existing literature has been reviewed to find out how plants, animals and humans protect themselves against UV radiation. This review permits evaluation of mechanisms of protection against UV used by living things and potential application of these mechanisms in protection of natural and synthetic polymeric materials. This is followed by chapters with a more detailed look at more specific aspects of UV degradation and stabilization. A practical and up-to-date reference guide for engineers and scientists designing with plastics, and formulating plastics materials Explains the effects of UV light on plastics, and how to mitigate its effects through the use of UV stabilizers Surveys the range of UV stabilizers on the market, and provides advice on their selection and use

Handbook of Elastomers, Second Edition,

Handbook of Elastomers, Second Edition,
Author : Anil K. Bhowmick,Howard Stephens
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2000-11-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :944
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"Provides the latest authoritative research on the developments, technology, and applications of rubbery materials. Presents structures, manufacturing techniques, and processing details for natural and synthetic rubbers, rubber-blends, rubber composites, and thermoplastic elastomers. 80% revised and rewritten material covers major advances since publication of the previous edition."

The Effect of Long Term Thermal Exposure on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of Long Term Thermal Exposure on Plastics and Elastomers
Author : Laurence W. McKeen
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2013-11-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :296
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This reference guide brings together a wide range of essential data on the effect of long term thermal exposure on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. The data is supported by explanations of how to make use of the data in real-world engineering contexts. High heat environments are common in automotive, oil and gas, household appliances, coatings, space and aeronautics and many more end uses. As a result, thermal stability data are critically important to engineers designing parts particularly that replace metals, work that is common today as they look for ways to reduce weight. The data tables in this book enable engineers and scientists to select the right materials for a given product or application across a wide range of sectors. Several polymer classes are covered, including polyolefins, polyamides, polyesters, elastomers, fluoropolymers, biodegradable plastics and more, saving readers the need to contact suppliers. The book also includes introductory sections to provide background on plastic/polymer chemistry and formulation and plastic testing methods, providing the knowledge required to make best use of the data. Essential data and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with plastics for use in high temperature environments Includes introductory chapters on polymer chemistry and its effect on thermal stability, providing the underpinning knowledge required to utilize the data Covers a wide range of commercial polymer classes, saving readers the need to contact suppliers

Applications of Polymer Spectroscopy

Applications of Polymer Spectroscopy
Author : E.G. Brame
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Science
Total pages :300
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Applications of Polymer Spectroscopy focuses on the use of spectroscopy for the determination of polymer structure. This book is divided into three general areas of spectroscopy: nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, and mass spectroscopy. This text is comprised of 16 chapters and begins with a discussion on the applications of NMR spectroscopy, including carbon-13 NMR, proton NMR, and fluorine-19 NMR. The next section considers infrared spectroscopy, with special consideration to the Fourier transform method and the dynamic method of handling the examination of polymer films. The book then examines the applications of mass spectroscopy, which include the usual characterization of decomposition products both by direct and indirect means and by stressing the polymer. The use of chemiluminescence, Raman spectroscopy, and electron spin resonance methods is also covered. The last chapter describes the mass spectrometry of thermally treated polymers. This book is a valuable resource for scientists, students, and researchers in fields ranging from polymer science and materials science to chemistry and engineering.

Engineered Materials Abstracts

Engineered Materials Abstracts
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1995-10
Category : Ceramic materials
Total pages :129
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Flame Retardants for Textile Materials

Flame Retardants for Textile Materials
Author : Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-08-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :414
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This book focuses on flame retardants (FR) for textile materials. It discusses basics of flame retardancy and flammability and covers various types of flame retardants and materials, including natural FRs, halogen, phosphorous, and nanomaterial-based FRs. This book also discusses methods of applications of FRs and discusses FRs and the environment. Covers a variety of interdisciplinary applications in the textile industry Emphasizes environmental aspects Reports on a large number of FR compounds studied globally Discusses in detail recent developments in halogen-free eco-friendly flame retardants Extensively describes basic aspects of flame retardancy and their measurements Aimed at the practitioner and textile engineering professional this work aims to ensure development of safe textile materials for various uses, including apparel, protective wear, floor coverings, upholstery, drapery, and others.

NIST Special Publication

NIST Special Publication
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1988
Category : Weights and measures
Total pages :129
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Long-Term Durability of Polymeric Matrix Composites

Long-Term Durability of Polymeric Matrix Composites
Author : Kishore V. Pochiraju,Gyaneshwar P. Tandon,Gregory A. Schoeppner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-09-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :677
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Long-Term Durability of Polymeric Matrix Composites presents a comprehensive knowledge-set of matrix, fiber and interphase behavior under long-term aging conditions, theoretical modeling and experimental methods. This book covers long-term constituent behavior, predictive methodologies, experimental validation and design practice. Readers will also find a discussion of various applications, including aging air craft structures, aging civil infrastructure, in addition to engines and high temperature applications.