January 18, 2021

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Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons

Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons
Author : Carl L. Yaws
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2014-06-20
Category : Science
Total pages :1000
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Compiled by an expert in the field, the book provides an engineer with data they can trust. Spanning gases, liquids, and solids, all critical properties (including viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion coefficient) are covered. From C1 to C100 organics and Ac to Zr inorganics, the data in this handbook is a perfect quick reference for field, lab or classroom usage. By collecting a large – but relevant – amount of information in one source, the handbook enables engineers to spend more time developing new designs and processes, and less time collecting vital properties data. This is not a theoretical treatise, but an aid to the practicing engineer in the field, on day-to-day operations and long range projects. Simplifies research and significantly reduces the amount of time spent collecting properties data Compiled by an expert in the field, the book provides an engineer with data they can trust in design, research, development and manufacturing A single, easy reference for critical temperature dependent properties for a wide range of hydrocarbons, including C1 to ClOO organics and Ac to Zr inorganics

Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons

Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons
Author : Carl L. Yaws
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2008-12-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :800
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Carl Yaws here presents over 7,800 organic and inorganic chemicals, and hydrocarbons. Spanning gases, liquids and solids, and covering all critical properties (including acentric factor, density, enthalpy of vaporization, and surface tension), this volume represents more properties on more chemicals than any single work of its kind, from C1 to C100 organics and Ac to Zr inorganics. Designed and formatted for field, lab or classroom usage, it gives the reader unparalleled access to invaluable data.

Transport Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons

Transport Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons
Author : Carl L. Yaws
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2014-06-20
Category : Science
Total pages :724
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Covering more than 7,800 organic and inorganic chemicals and hydrocarbons, Transport Properties of Chemical and Hydrocarbons, Second Edition is an essential volume for any chemist or chemical engineer. Spanning gases, liquids, and solids, the book covers all critical properties (including viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion coefficient). From C1 to C100 organics and Ac to Zr inorganics, the data in this handbook is a perfect quick reference for field, lab, or classroom use. By collecting a massive – but relevant – amount of information in one source, the handbook enables engineers to spend more time developing new designs and processes, and less time collecting vital properties data. This is not a theoretical treatise, but an aid to the practicing engineer in the field, on day-to-day operations and long-range projects. Simplifies research and significantly reduces the amount of time spent collecting properties data Compiled by an expert in the field, the book provides engineers with data they can trust All critical properties are covered for ease of reference, including viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion coefficient

Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Compounds

Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Compounds
Author : George J. Janz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Science
Total pages :262
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Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Compounds: Estimation Methods, Principles and Practice, Revised Edition focuses on the progression of practical methods in computing the thermodynamic characteristics of organic compounds. Divided into two parts with eight chapters, the book concentrates first on the methods of estimation. Topics presented are statistical and combined thermodynamic functions; free energy change and equilibrium conversions; and estimation of thermodynamic properties. The next discussions focus on the thermodynamic properties of simple polyatomic systems by statistical thermodynamic methods. Discussed are molecular energy of an ideal gas; partition function and thermodynamic properties; and calculation of statistical thermodynamic functions. The book also notes the dynamic properties of long chain hydrocarbons and the method of structural similarity. Tabulations and numerical representations are presented as well. Discussions also focus on methods of group contributions and group equations. Included are paraffins, unsaturated carbons, cyclic hydrocarbons, and nonhydrocarbon groups. The last part of the text focuses on heat formation and heat capacity; the applications of thermodynamic method; and numerical data. Included in the discussions are bond energies and binding energies; gaseous free radicals and ions; and hydrogenation of benzene. The book is an important source of data for readers interested in studying the thermodynamic characteristics of organic compounds.

Spills of Diluted Bitumen from Pipelines

Spills of Diluted Bitumen from Pipelines
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on the Effects of Diluted Bitumen on the Environment
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2016-03-22
Category : Nature
Total pages :166
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Diluted bitumen has been transported by pipeline in the United States for more than 40 years, with the amount increasing recently as a result of improved extraction technologies and resulting increases in production and exportation of Canadian diluted bitumen. The increased importation of Canadian diluted bitumen to the United States has strained the existing pipeline capacity and contributed to the expansion of pipeline mileage over the past 5 years. Although rising North American crude oil production has resulted in greater transport of crude oil by rail or tanker, oil pipelines continue to deliver the vast majority of crude oil supplies to U.S. refineries. Spills of Diluted Bitumen from Pipelines examines the current state of knowledge and identifies the relevant properties and characteristics of the transport, fate, and effects of diluted bitumen and commonly transported crude oils when spilled in the environment. This report assesses whether the differences between properties of diluted bitumen and those of other commonly transported crude oils warrant modifications to the regulations governing spill response plans and cleanup. Given the nature of pipeline operations, response planning, and the oil industry, the recommendations outlined in this study are broadly applicable to other modes of transportation as well.

Thermophysical Properties of Refrigerants

Thermophysical Properties of Refrigerants
Author : Bernhard Platzer,Axel Polt,Gerd Maurer
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2012-11-28
Category : Science
Total pages :496
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Halogenated derivatives of simple hydrocarbons, like chloro-and fluoromethanes and -ethanes, are important chemicals in many industries for example as working media in organi~ Rankine cycles and refrigerating pro cesses. Although there are ecological reasons against using these substances, it is expected that they cannot be substituted in all cases. But optimizing the processes in which these substances have to be used can also contribute to minimizing the possible damage. This book summarizes the extensive experimental material available on the thermodynamic properties of 16 pure and mixed halogenated hydrocarbons, so that it can easily be used both by process and design engineers. The project was initiated by the late Professor Dr.-Ing. Eberhard Bender and Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dr.-Ing. E.h. H.D. Baehr. We would like to express our gratitude especially to Prof. Baehr for his continuing interest and to Springer-Verlag for their patience. Besides the authors, quite a large number of students contributed to the completion of the book. Among them we are most obliged to Mr. L. Hoffmann and Mr. F. Strepp for their assistance in preparing tables, diagrams and charts. We hope that this book will prove to be useful to many colleagues, and we welcome proposals, advice, and comments.

Applied Hydrocarbon Thermodynamics

Applied Hydrocarbon Thermodynamics
Author : Wayne C. Edmister,Byung Ik Lee
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 1988
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :240
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Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining
Author : Mohamed A. Fahim,Taher A. Al-Sahhaf,Amal Elkilani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2009-11-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :516
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Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining presents the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics, and it explains the scientific background essential for understanding refinery operations. The text also provides a detailed introduction to refinery engineering topics, ranging from the basic principles and unit operations to overall refinery economics. The book covers important topics, such as clean fuels, gasification, biofuels, and environmental impact of refining, which are not commonly discussed in most refinery textbooks. Throughout the source, problem sets and examples are given to help the reader practice and apply the fundamental principles of refining. Chapters 1-10 can be used as core materials for teaching undergraduate courses. The first two chapters present an introduction to the petroleum refining industry and then focus on feedstocks and products. Thermophysical properties of crude oils and petroleum fractions, including processes of atmospheric and vacuum distillations, are discussed in Chapters 3 and 4. Conversion processes, product blending, and alkylation are covered in chapters 5-10. The remaining chapters discuss hydrogen production, clean fuel production, refining economics and safety, acid gas treatment and removal, and methods for environmental and effluent treatments. This source can serve both professionals and students (on undergraduate and graduate levels) of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Chemistry, and Chemical Technology. Beginners in the engineering field, specifically in the oil and gas industry, may also find this book invaluable. Provides balanced coverage of fundamental and operational topics Includes spreadsheets and process simulators for showing trends and simulation case studies Relates processing to planning and management to give an integrated picture of refining

Yaws Handbook of Thermodynamic Properties

Yaws Handbook of Thermodynamic Properties
Author : Carl L. Yaws
Publisher : Gulf Publishing Company
Release Date : 2007-01-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :776
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Written by one of the most prolific and well-respected chemical engineers in the industry, this is the most comprehensive and thorough volume ever written on the thermodynamic properties of hydrocarbons and chemicals. This volume covers the spectrum, including chapters on the heat capacity and entropy of gas, solids and liquids, the entropy of formation, and many other topics. The design of heat exchangers and other equipment for heating or cooling substances to temperatures necessary in process applications requires knowledge of heat capacity, covered in the first portion of the book. The heat effects of chemical reactions are ascertained from enthalpy of formation. Other chapters cover the Helmholtz energy of formation and internal energy of formation, which is useful in modeling and ascertaining the energy of explosions. This coverage greatly exceeds the coverage of any other book and makes The Yaws Handbook of Thermodynamic Properties of Hydrocarbons and Chemicals a must-have for anyone working in the fields of chemical engineering, process engineering, refining and chemistry.

Characterization and Properties of Petroleum Fractions

Characterization and Properties of Petroleum Fractions
Author : M. R. Riazi
Publisher : ASTM International
Release Date : 2005
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :407
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The last three chapters of this book deal with application of methods presented in previous chapters to estimate various thermodynamic, physical, and transport properties of petroleum fractions. In this chapter, various methods for prediction of physical and thermodynamic properties of pure hydrocarbons and their mixtures, petroleum fractions, crude oils, natural gases, and reservoir fluids are presented. As it was discussed in Chapters 5 and 6, properties of gases may be estimated more accurately than properties of liquids. Theoretical methods of Chapters 5 and 6 for estimation of thermophysical properties generally can be applied to both liquids and gases; however, more accurate properties can be predicted through empirical correlations particularly developed for liquids. When these correlations are developed with some theoretical basis, they are more accurate and have wider range of applications. In this chapter some of these semitheoretical correlations are presented. Methods presented in Chapters 5 and 6 can be used to estimate properties such as density, enthalpy, heat capacity, heat of vaporization, and vapor pressure. Characterization methods of Chapters 2-4 are used to determine the input parameters needed for various predictive methods. One important part of this chapter is prediction of vapor pressure that is needed for vapor-liquid equilibrium calculations of Chapter 9.

Handbook of Industrial Hydrocarbon Processes

Handbook of Industrial Hydrocarbon Processes
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2010-12-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :602
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Written by an author with over 38 years of experience in the chemical and petrochemical process industry, this handbook will present an analysis of the process steps used to produce industrial hydrocarbons from various raw materials. It is the first book to offer a thorough analysis of external factors effecting production such as: cost, availability and environmental legislation. An A-Z list of raw materials and their properties are presented along with a commentary regarding their cost and availability. Specific processing operations described in the book include: distillation, thermal cracking and coking, catalytic methods, hydroprocesses, thermal and catalytic reforming, isomerization, alkylation processes, polymerization processes, solvent processes, water removal, fractionation and acid gas removal. Flow diagrams and descriptions of more than 250 leading-edge process technologies An analysis of chemical reactions and process steps that are required to produce chemicals from various raw materials Properties, availability and environmental impact of various raw materials used in hydrocarbon processing

Yaws' Handbook of Thermodynamic and Physical Properties of Chemical Compounds

Yaws' Handbook of Thermodynamic and Physical Properties of Chemical Compounds
Author : Carl L. Yaws
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2003
Category : Chemical elements
Total pages :129
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Thermophysical Properties of Fluids

Thermophysical Properties of Fluids
Author : Marc J Assael,J P Martin Trusler,Thomas F Tsolakis
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 1996-07-29
Category : Science
Total pages :372
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This book is concerned with the prediction of thermodynamic and transport properties of gases and liquids. The prediction of such properties is essential for the solution of many problems encountered in chemical and process engineering as well as in other areas of science and technology. The book aims to present the best of those modern methods which are capable of practical application. It begins with basic scientific principles and formal results which are subsequently developed into practical methods of prediction. Numerous examples, supported by a suite of computer programmes, illustrate applications of the methods. The book is aimed primarily at the student market (for both undergraduate and taught postgraduate courses) but it will also be useful for those engaged in research and for chemical and process engineering professionals. Contents:FundamentalsThe Perfect GasThe Intermolecular PotentialThe Virial EquationCorresponding StatesEquations of StateActivity Coefficient ModelsPhase-Equilibrium CalculationsTransport Properties: TheoryTransport Properties: CalculationAppendices: Tables of Property ValuesSupplementary Information Readership: Graduate and undergraduate students in chemical engineering and chemical engineering professionals. Keywords:Thermophysics;Thermodynamics;Transport Properties;Phase Equilibria;Equation of State;Statistical Mechanics;Kinetic Theory;Viscosity;Thermal Conductivity;Intermolecular ForcesReviews:“I recommend this book to chemistry and geochemistry students, and scientists in general, because it is one of the few textbooks available on the subject. The style is clear and concise and the text is well organised, with main references given at the end of each chapter.”Chemistry in Britain

Transport Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons

Transport Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons
Author : Carl L. Yaws
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2014-06-20
Category : Science
Total pages :724
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Covering more than 7,800 organic and inorganic chemicals and hydrocarbons, Transport Properties of Chemical and Hydrocarbons, Second Edition is an essential volume for any chemist or chemical engineer. Spanning gases, liquids, and solids, the book covers all critical properties (including viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion coefficient). From C1 to C100 organics and Ac to Zr inorganics, the data in this handbook is a perfect quick reference for field, lab, or classroom use. By collecting a massive – but relevant – amount of information in one source, the handbook enables engineers to spend more time developing new designs and processes, and less time collecting vital properties data. This is not a theoretical treatise, but an aid to the practicing engineer in the field, on day-to-day operations and long-range projects. Simplifies research and significantly reduces the amount of time spent collecting properties data Compiled by an expert in the field, the book provides engineers with data they can trust All critical properties are covered for ease of reference, including viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion coefficient

Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals, Second Edition

Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals, Second Edition
Author : Donald Mackay,Wan-Ying Shiu,Kuo-Ching Ma,Sum Chi Lee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2006-03-14
Category : Science
Total pages :4216
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Transport and transformation processes are key for determining how humans and other organisms are exposed to chemicals. These processes are largely controlled by the chemicals’ physical-chemical properties. This new edition of the Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals is a comprehensive series in four volumes that serves as a reference source for environmentally relevant physical-chemical property data of numerous groups of chemical substances. The handbook contains physical-chemical property data from peer-reviewed journals and other valuable sources on over 1200 chemicals of environmental concern. The handbook contains new data on the temperature dependence of selected physical-chemical properties, which allows scientists and engineers to perform better chemical assessments for climatic conditions outside the 20–25-degree range for which property values are generally reported. This second edition of the Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals is an essential reference for university libraries, regulatory agencies, consultants, and industry professionals, particularly those concerned with chemical synthesis, emissions, fate, persistence, long-range transport, bioaccumulation, exposure, and biological effects of chemicals in the environment. This resource is also available on CD-ROM