November 24, 2020

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Thin Film Micro-Optics

Thin Film Micro-Optics
Author : Ruediger Grunwald
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-02-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :306
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"Thin-film microoptics" stands for novel types of microoptical components and systems which combine the well-known features of miniaturized optical elements with the specific advantages of thin optical layers. This approach enables for innovative solutions in shaping light fields in spatial, temporal and spectral domain. Low-dispersion and small-angle systems for tailoring and diagnosing laser pulses under extreme conditions as well as VUV-capable microoptics can be realized. Continuous-relief microstructures of refractive, reflective and hybrid characteristics are obtained by vapor deposition technologies with shadow masks in rotating systems. The book gives a comprehensive overview on fundamental laws of microoptics, types of thin-film microoptical components, methods and constraints of their design, fabrication and characterization, structure transfer into substrates, optical functions and applications. Recent theoretical and experimental results of basic and applied research are addressed. Particular emphasis will be laid on the generation of localized, nondiffracting few-cycle wavepackets of extended depth of focus and high tolerance against distortions. It is shown that the spectral interference of ultrabroadband conical beams results in spatio-temporal structures of characteristic X-shape, so-called X-waves, which are interesting for robust optical communication. New prospects are opened by exploiting small conical angles from nanolayer microoptics and self-apodized truncation of Bessel beams leading to the formation of single-maximum nondiffracting beams or "needle beams". Thin-film microoptical beam shapers have an enormous potential for future applications like the two-dimensional ultrafast optical processing, multichannel laser-matter interaction, nonlinear spectroscopy or advanced measuring techniques. - Introduces a new and promising branch of microoptics - Gives a compact overview on the types, properties and applications of the most important microoptical components containing valuable data and facts - Helps to understand the basic optical laws - Reports on the historical development line of thin-film microoptics - Provides brand new results of research and development in the field of ultrashort-pulse laser beam shaping and diagnostics - Discusses the future trends and first approaches of next generation microoptics - Contains a carefully assorted glossary of the most important technical terms

Thin Films for Optical Systems

Thin Films for Optical Systems
Author : Flory
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1995-07-06
Category : Science
Total pages :608
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This work presents advances in thin films for applications in the fields of integrated optics, micro-optics, optical telecommunications and optoelectronics. It delineates the performance characteristics needed for graded coatings, damage-resistant laser coatings and many others. Basic theory and applications are illustrated.

Sculptured Thin Films

Sculptured Thin Films
Author : Akhlesh Lakhtakia,R. Messier
Publisher : SPIE Press
Release Date : 2005
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :299
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Sculptured thin films (STFs) are a class of nanoengineered materials with properties that can be designed and realized in a controllable manner using physical vapor deposition. This text, presented as a short course at the SPIE Optical Science and Technology Symposium, couples detailed knowledge of thin-film morphology with the optical response characteristics of STF devices. An accompanying CD contains Mathematica(TM) programs for use with the presented formalisms. Thus, readers will learn to design and engineer STF materials and devices for future applications, particularly with optical applications. Graduate students in optics and practicing optical engineers will find the text valuable, as well as those interested in emerging nanotechnologies for optical devices.

Practical Design and Production of Optical Thin Films

Practical Design and Production of Optical Thin Films
Author : Ronald R. Willey
Publisher : Marcel Dekker
Release Date : 1996
Category : Optical coatings
Total pages :284
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An important resource for novices in the field and for those experienced in optical thin film design and production, this up-to-date reference/text discusses the fundamentals, equipment, materials, and processes necessary to produce thin film optical coatings successfully - demonstrating how to optimize control sensitivity and repeatability of films to achieve desired effects. Written by a seasoned optical engineer who reveals "insider" information and insights that enhance productivity, Practical Design and Production of Optical Thin Films puts forth thin film fundamentals from a new viewpoint; provides formulas for estimating the number of layers and thickness needed to meet given requirements; introduces Fourier analysis and synthesis without mathematics in a manner not available in other books; supplies important literature references on the deposition of practical optical coatings materials; offers examples of using "Design of Experiments" methodology for process development, optimization, and stabilization; covers a broad range of film thickness monitoring and control techniques, and more. Enriched with over 200 drawings, equations, and tables, Practical Design and Production of Optical Thin Films serves as an outstanding on-the-job reference for optical thin film designers, research scientists, technicians; thin film process engineers and technicians; thin film production engineers and operators; optical engineers and designers; and lens designers; as well as a superb text for upper-level undergraduate, graduate, and continuing-education students in these disciplines.

Study on Metal Embedded Thin Film Micro/nano Photonic and Electronic Sensors

Study on Metal Embedded Thin Film Micro/nano Photonic and Electronic Sensors
Author : Xugang Zhang
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008
Category :
Total pages :121
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Micro-Optics

Micro-Optics
Author : H. P. Herzig
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1997-04-26
Category : Science
Total pages :600
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This text examines the technology behind the plethora of modern industrial and domestic technologies which incorporate micro-optics eg. CDs, cameras, automated manufacturing systems, mobile communications etc. It includes a simple but comprehensive introduction to micro-optical developments design, and an overview of fabrication and replication technology. The theoretical, practical and industrial developments in micro-scale optoelectronics continue apace in the late 1990s. In this book, a distinguished group of physicists and engineers describe the current state of research and applications in micro-optics. It provides the theoretical background and an overview of current technology, with several chapters taking a deeper look at specific recent applications and future trends. The book concentrates on diffractive and refractive micro- optical elements, such as lenses, fan-out gratings, optimized phase elements and polarisers. Sections are included on the simulation and optimization of design for micro-optics and subsequently the efficient transformation from design to real optical elements, using techniques such as e-beam writing, laser beam writing, lithography, etching and thin film deposition.

Microoptics

Microoptics
Author : Springer,Jürgen Jahns,Karl-Heinz Brenner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2004-07-13
Category : Science
Total pages :319
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Configurations based on both wave-guide and free-space optics are covered. Novel directions in the area of nanooptics and photonic crystals are included. The reader can expect up-to-date information with many new results. The book is intended for graduate students, teachers, and researchers in industry."--Jacket.

Handbook of Thin Film Deposition

Handbook of Thin Film Deposition
Author : Krishna Seshan
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :408
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The Handbook of Thin Film Deposition is a comprehensive reference focusing on thin film technologies and applications used in the semiconductor industry and the closely related areas of thin film deposition, thin film micro properties, photovoltaic solar energy applications, new materials for memory applications and methods for thin film optical processes. In a major restructuring, this edition of the handbook lays the foundations with an up-to-date treatment of lithography, contamination and yield management, and reliability of thin films. The established physical and chemical deposition processes and technologies are then covered, the last section of the book being devoted to more recent technological developments such as microelectromechanical systems, photovoltaic applications, digital cameras, CCD arrays, and optical thin films. A practical survey of thin film technologies aimed at engineers and managers involved in all stages of the process: design, fabrication, quality assurance and applications Covers core processes and applications in the semiconductor industry and new developments in the photovoltaic and optical thin film industries The new edition takes covers the transition taking place in the semiconductor world from Al/SiO2 to copper interconnects with low-k dielectrics Written by acknowledged industry experts from key companies in the semiconductor industry including Intel and IBM Foreword by Gordon E. Moore, co-founder of Intel and formulator of the renowned ‘Moore’s Law’ relating to the technology development cycle in the semiconductor industry

Diffractive Optics and Optical Microsystems

Diffractive Optics and Optical Microsystems
Author : S. Martellucci,Arthur N. Chester
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-06-29
Category : Science
Total pages :422
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Proceedings of the 20th Course of the International School of Quantum Electronics held in Erice, Italy, November 14-24, 1996

Micro-Optics and Energy

Micro-Optics and Energy
Author : Jacob J. Lamb,Bruno G. Pollet
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-07-17
Category : Science
Total pages :207
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This book provides a brief research source for optical fiber sensors for energy production and storage systems, discussing fundamental aspects as well as cutting-edge trends in sensing. This volume provides industry professionals, researchers and students with the most updated review on technologies and current trends, thus helping them identify technology gaps, develop new materials and novel designs that lead to commercially viable energy storage systems.

Thin-Film Organic Photonics

Thin-Film Organic Photonics
Author : Tetsuzo Yoshimura
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-04-19
Category : Science
Total pages :370
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Among the many atomic/molecular assembling techniques used to develop artificial materials, molecular layer deposition (MLD) continues to receive special attention as the next-generation growth technique for organic thin-film materials used in photonics and electronics. Thin-Film Organic Photonics: Molecular Layer Deposition and Applications describes how photonic/electronic properties of thin films can be improved through MLD, which enables precise control of atomic and molecular arrangements to construct a wire network that achieves "three-dimensional growth". MLD facilitates dot-by-dot—or molecule-by-molecule—growth of polymer and molecular wires, and that enhanced level of control creates numerous application possibilities. Explores the wide range of MLD applications in solar energy and optics, as well as proposed uses in biomedical photonics This book addresses the prospects for artificial materials with atomic/molecular-level tailored structures, especially those featuring MLD and conjugated polymers with multiple quantum dots (MQDs), or polymer MQDs. In particular, the author focuses on the application of artificial organic thin films to: Photonics/electronics, particularly in optical interconnects used in computers Optical switching and solar energy conversion systems Bio/ medical photonics, such as photodynamic therapy Organic photonic materials, devices, and integration processes With its clear and concise presentation, this book demonstrates exactly how MLD enables electron wavefunction control, thereby improving material performance and generating new photonic/electronic phenomena.

Optical Thin Films and Coatings

Optical Thin Films and Coatings
Author : Angela Piegari,François Flory
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-06-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :860
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Optical Thin Films and Coatings: From Materials to Applications, Second Edition, provides an overview of thin film materials and their properties, design and manufacture across a wide variety of application areas. Sections explore their design and manufacture and their unconventional features, including the scattering properties of random structures in thin films, optical properties at short wavelengths, thermal properties and color effects. Other chapters focus on novel materials, including organic optical coatings, surface multiplasmonics, optical thin films containing quantum dots, and optical coatings, including laser components, solar cells, displays and lighting, and architectural and automotive glass. The book presents a technical resource for researchers and engineers working with optical thin films and coatings. It is also ideal for professionals in the security, automotive, space and other industries who need an understanding of the topic. Provides thorough review of applications of optical coatings including laser components, solar cells, glazing, displays and lighting One-stop reference that addresses deposition techniques, properties, and applications of optical thin films and coatings Novel methods, suggestions for analysis, and applications makes this a valuable resource for experts in the field as well

Fundamentals of Micro-Optics

Fundamentals of Micro-Optics
Author : Hans Zappe
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2010-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :129
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From optical fundamentals to advanced applications, this comprehensive guide to micro-optics covers all the key areas for those who need an in-depth introduction to micro-optic devices, technologies, and applications. Topics covered range from basic optics, optical materials, refraction, and diffraction, to micro-mirrors, micro-lenses, diffractive optics, optoelectronics, and fabrication. Advanced topics, such as tunable and nano-optics, are also discussed. Real-world case studies and numerous worked examples are provided throughout, making complex concepts easier to follow, whilst an extensive bibliography provides a valuable resource for further study. With exercises provided at the end of each chapter to aid and test understanding, this is an ideal textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate students taking courses in optics, photonics, micro-optics, microsystems, and MEMs. It is also a useful self-study guide for research engineers working on optics development.

Micro-optics/micromechanics and Laser Scanning and Shaping

Micro-optics/micromechanics and Laser Scanning and Shaping
Author : M. Edward Motamedi
Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
Release Date : 1995
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :482
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Handbook of Thin Film Deposition Techniques Principles, Methods, Equipment and Applications, Second Editon

Handbook of Thin Film Deposition Techniques Principles, Methods, Equipment and Applications, Second Editon
Author : Krishna Seshan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2002-02-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :72
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The Handbook of Thin Film Deposition Techniques: Principles, Methods, Equipment and Applications, Second Edition explores the technology behind the spectacular growth in the silicon semiconductor industry and the continued trend in miniaturization over the last 20 years. This growth has been fueled in large part by improved thin film deposition techniques and the development of highly specialized equipment to enable this deposition. This second edition explains the growth of sophisticated, automatic tools capable of measuring thickness and spacing of submicron dimensions. The book covers PVD, laser and E-beam assisted deposition, MBE, and ion beam methods to bring together all of the physical vapor deposition techniques. The book also includes coverage of chemical mechanical polishing that helps attain the flatness that is required by modern lithography methods and new materials used for interconnect dielectric materials, specifically organic polyimide materials.