January 25, 2021

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Transcendental Curves in the Leibnizian Calculus

Transcendental Curves in the Leibnizian Calculus
Author : Viktor Blasjo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-04-22
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :282
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Transcendental Curves in the Leibnizian Calculus analyzes the mathematical and philosophical conflict between Euclidean and Cartesian mathematics. For millennia, mathematical meaning and ontology had been anchored in geometrical constructions, as epitomized by Euclid's ruler and compass. As late as 1637, Descartes had placed himself squarely in this tradition when he justified his new technique of identifying curves with equations by means of certain curve-tracing instruments, thereby bringing together the ancient constructive tradition and modern algebraic methods in a satisfying marriage. But rapid advances in the new fields of infinitesimal calculus and mathematical mechanics soon ruined his grand synthesis. Descartes's scheme left out transcendental curves, i.e. curves with no polynomial equation, but in the course of these subsequent developments such curves emerged as indispensable. It was becoming harder and harder to juggle cutting-edge mathematics and ancient conceptions of its foundations at the same time, yet leading mathematicians, such as Leibniz felt compelled to do precisely this. The new mathematics fit more naturally an analytical conception of curves than a construction-based one, yet no one wanted to betray the latter, as this was seen as virtually tantamount to stop doing mathematics altogether. The credibility and authority of mathematics depended on it. Brings to light this underlying and often implicit complex of concerns that permeate early calculus Evaluates the technical conception and mathematical construction of the geometrical method Reveals a previously unrecognized Liebnizian programmatic cohesion in early calculus Provides a beautifully written work of outstanding original scholarship

The Tangled Origins of the Leibnizian Calculus

The Tangled Origins of the Leibnizian Calculus
Author : Richard C. Brown
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2012
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :332
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This book is a detailed study of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz''s creation of calculus from 1673 to the 1680s. We examine and analyze the mathematics in several of his early manuscripts as well as various articles published in the Acta Eruditorum. It studies some of the other lesser known OC calculiOCO Leibniz created such as the Analysis Situs, delves into aspects of his logic, and gives an overview of his efforts to construct a Universal Characteristic, a goal that has its distant origin in the Ars Magna of the 13th century Catalan philosopher Raymond Llull, whose work enjoyed a renewed popularity in the century and a half prior to Leibniz. This book also touches upon a new look at the priority controversy with Newton and a Kuhnian interpretation of the nature of mathematical change. This book may be the only integrated treatment based on recent research and should be a thought-provoking contribution to the history of mathematics for scholars and students, interested in either Leibniz''s mathematical achievement or general issues in the field."

The Tangled Origins of the Leibnizian Calculus

The Tangled Origins of the Leibnizian Calculus
Author : Richard C Brown
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2012-03-23
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :332
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This book is a detailed study of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz's creation of calculus from 1673 to the 1680s. We examine and analyze the mathematics in several of his early manuscripts as well as various articles published in the Acta Eruditorum. It studies some of the other lesser known “calculi” Leibniz created such as the Analysis Situs, delves into aspects of his logic, and gives an overview of his efforts to construct a Universal Characteristic, a goal that has its distant origin in the Ars Magna of the 13th century Catalan philosopher Raymond Llull, whose work enjoyed a renewed popularity in the century and a half prior to Leibniz. This book also touches upon a new look at the priority controversy with Newton and a Kuhnian interpretation of the nature of mathematical change. This book may be the only integrated treatment based on recent research and should be a thought-provoking contribution to the history of mathematics for scholars and students, interested in either Leibniz's mathematical achievement or general issues in the field. Contents:Evolution or Revolution in MathematicsIssues in Seventeenth Century MathematicsIsaac Barrow: A Foil to LeibnizA Young Central European PolymathFirst Steps in MathematicsThe Creation of CalculusLogicThe Universal CharacteristicThe Baroque Cultural ContextEpilogueSome Concluding Remarks on Mathematical ChangeAppendices:A: A Transmutation Theorem of LeibnizB: Leibniz's Series Quadrature of a ConicC: Syllogistic LogicD: The Vis Viva DisputeE: Some Applications of Curves and Neusis in Greek GeometryF: InfinitesimalsA Note on the Author Readership: Advanced undergraduate students, graduate students and researchers in mathematics, history of mathematics or history of science. Keywords:Leibniz;Calculus;Geometry;17th Century MathematicsKey Features:The thoroughness and comprehensiveness of the treatment of this book are based on recent researchTechnical details of the mathematics are carefully dealt with instead of just being summarized for the general readerNo other work on the development of calculus includes a description and analysis of the Baroque/Renaissance atmosphere of fascination with symbols, emblems, Real Characters and philosophical languages which motivated both Leibniz's mathematics and his search for the Universal Characteristic

Leibniz and the Structure of Sciences

Leibniz and the Structure of Sciences
Author : Vincenzo De Risi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :298
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The book offers a collection of essays on various aspects of Leibniz’s scientific thought, written by historians of science and world-leading experts on Leibniz. The essays deal with a vast array of topics on the exact sciences: Leibniz’s logic, mereology, the notion of infinity and cardinality, the foundations of geometry, the theory of curves and differential geometry, and finally dynamics and general epistemology. Several chapters attempt a reading of Leibniz’s scientific works through modern mathematical tools, and compare Leibniz’s results in these fields with 19th- and 20th-Century conceptions of them. All of them have special care in framing Leibniz’s work in historical context, and sometimes offer wider historical perspectives that go much beyond Leibniz’s researches. A special emphasis is given to effective mathematical practice rather than purely epistemological thought. The book is addressed to all scholars of the exact sciences who have an interest in historical research and Leibniz in particular, and may be useful to historians of mathematics, physics, and epistemology, mathematicians with historical interests, and philosophers of science at large.

Infinitesimal Differences

Infinitesimal Differences
Author : Ursula Goldenbaum,Douglas Jesseph
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release Date : 2008-11-03
Category : Philosophy
Total pages :633
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The development of the calculus during the 17th century was successful in mathematical practice, but raised questions about the nature of infinitesimals: were they real or rather fictitious? This collection of essays, by scholars from Canada, the US, Germany, Japan and Switzerland, gives a comprehensive study of the controversies over the nature and status of the infinitesimal. Aside from Leibniz, the scholars considered are Hobbes, Wallis, Newton, Bernoulli, Hermann, and Nieuwentijt. The collection also contains newly discovered marginalia of Leibniz to the writings of Hobbes.

A Book of Curves

A Book of Curves
Author : Edward Harrington Lockwood
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1967
Category : Curves
Total pages :199
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The Britannica Guide to Analysis and Calculus

The Britannica Guide to Analysis and Calculus
Author : Erik Gregersen Associate Editor, Astronomy and Space Exploration
Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
Release Date : 2010-08-15
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :296
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Examines the history of analysis and calculus, including the geniuses of invention and theory, the practical applications of the math, and explanations of the major topics.

Jacob Hermann and the Diffusion of the Leibnizian Calculus in Italy

Jacob Hermann and the Diffusion of the Leibnizian Calculus in Italy
Author : Silvia Mazzone,Clara Silvia Roero
Publisher : Olschki
Release Date : 1997
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :554
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A Source Book in Mathematics, 1200-1800

A Source Book in Mathematics, 1200-1800
Author : D. J. Struik
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release Date : 2021
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :446
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Mathematics and Its History

Mathematics and Its History
Author : John Stillwell
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-06-29
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :371
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A concise, unified view of mathematics together with its historical development. Aiming at mathematicians who have mastered the basic topics but wish to gain a better grasp of mathematics as a whole, the author gives the reasons for the emergence of the main fields of modern mathematics, and explains the connections between them by tracing the course of a few mathematical themes from ancient times down to the 20th century. The emphasis here is on history as a method for unifying and motivating mathematics, rather than as an end in itself, and there is more mathematical detail than in other general histories. However, no historical expertise is assumed, and classical mathematics is rephrased in modern terms where needed. Nevertheless, there are copious references to original sources for readers wishing to explore the classics for themselves. In summary, readers will be able to add to their mathematical knowledge as well as gaining a new perspective on what they already know.

The Mind of Leibniz

The Mind of Leibniz
Author : Kurt von S. Kynell
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2003
Category : Philosophy
Total pages :313
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This volume attempts to resolve the century old dispute between Newton and Leibniz over the discovery of the calculus, and also explores both the mind and the life long research of Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, documenting his phenomenal mathematical and philosophical research, as well as the apparent nature and possible origins of genius and human intelligence.

e: The Story of a Number

e: The Story of a Number
Author : Eli Maor
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release Date : 2011-10-12
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :248
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The interest earned on a bank account, the arrangement of seeds in a sunflower, and the shape of the Gateway Arch in St. Louis are all intimately connected with the mysterious number e. In this informal and engaging history, Eli Maor portrays the curious characters and the elegant mathematics that lie behind the number. Designed for a reader with only a modest mathematical background, this biography brings out the central importance of e to mathematics and illuminates a golden era in the age of science.

Lectures in the History of Mathematics

Lectures in the History of Mathematics
Author : Henk J. M. Bos
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release Date : 1993
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :197
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This volume contains eleven lectures ranging over a variety of topics in the history of mathematics. The lectures, presented between 1970 and 1987, were delivered in a variety of venues and appeared only in less accessible publications. Those who teach mathematics, as well as mathematics historians, will appreciate this insightful, wide-ranging book.

Geometrical Lectures of Isaac Barrow

Geometrical Lectures of Isaac Barrow
Author : Isaac Barrow
Publisher : Cosimo, Inc.
Release Date : 2008-12-01
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :236
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English mathematician ISAAC BARROW (1630-1677), one of the inventors of calculus, had a profound impact on his student, Isaac Newton. Here, in this 1916 volume, British historian of mathematics JAMES MARK CHILD translates from the original Latin Barrow's masterpiece, Lectiones Opticae et Geometricae, his lectures on mathematics, demonstrating Barrow's essential role in the development of the higher math. Complete with Child's comprehensive introduction to Barrow's life and notes and discussion on his work, this new edition of an important but hard-to-find book will intrigue students of the history of science and math lovers alike,

Isaac Newton on Mathematical Certainty and Method

Isaac Newton on Mathematical Certainty and Method
Author : Niccolo Guicciardini
Publisher : MIT Press
Release Date : 2011-08-19
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :448
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An analysis of Newton's mathematical work, from early discoveries to mature reflections, and a discussion of Newton's views on the role and nature of mathematics. Historians of mathematics have devoted considerable attention to Isaac Newton's work on algebra, series, fluxions, quadratures, and geometry. In Isaac Newton on Mathematical Certainty and Method, Niccolò Guicciardini examines a critical aspect of Newton's work that has not been tightly connected to Newton's actual practice: his philosophy of mathematics. Newton aimed to inject certainty into natural philosophy by deploying mathematical reasoning (titling his main work The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy most probably to highlight a stark contrast to Descartes's Principles of Philosophy). To that end he paid concerted attention to method, particularly in relation to the issue of certainty, participating in contemporary debates on the subject and elaborating his own answers. Guicciardini shows how Newton carefully positioned himself against two giants in the “common” and “new” analysis, Descartes and Leibniz. Although his work was in many ways disconnected from the traditions of Greek geometry, Newton portrayed himself as antiquity's legitimate heir, thereby distancing himself from the moderns. Guicciardini reconstructs Newton's own method by extracting it from his concrete practice and not solely by examining his broader statements about such matters. He examines the full range of Newton's works, from his early treatises on series and fluxions to the late writings, which were produced in direct opposition to Leibniz. The complex interactions between Newton's understanding of method and his mathematical work then reveal themselves through Guicciardini's careful analysis of selected examples. Isaac Newton on Mathematical Certainty and Method uncovers what mathematics was for Newton, and what being a mathematician meant to him.