November 25, 2020

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Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites

Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites
Author : Klaus Friedrich,Alois K. Schlarb
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2013-05-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :832
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Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites provides a comprehensive description of polymeric nanocomposites, both as bulk materials and as thin surface coatings, and provides rare, focused coverage of their tribological behavior and potential use in tribological applications. Providing engineers and designers with the preparation techniques, friction and wear mechanisms, property information and evaluation methodology needed to select the right polymeric nanocomposites for the job, this unique book also includes valuable real-world examples of polymeric nanocomposites in action in tribological applications. Provides a complete reference to polmer nanocomposite material use in tribology from preparation through to selection and use. Explains the theory through examples of real-world applications, keeping this high-level topic practical and accessible. Includes contributions from more than 20 international tribology experts to offer broad yet detailed coverage of this fast-moving field.

Tribology of Polymer Composites

Tribology of Polymer Composites
Author : Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Suchart Siengchin,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Klaus Friedrich
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-09-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :400
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Tribology of Polymer Composites: Characterization, Properties, and Applications provides an exhaustive overview of the latest research, trends, applications and future directions of the tribology of polymer composites. Covering novel methods for the synthesis of polymer composites and their properties, the book starts by reviewing the fabrication techniques, wear and frictional properties of polymer composite materials. From there, it features chapters looking at the tribological behavior and properties of specific polymer composite materials such as synthetic fiber-reinforced, cellulose fiber-reinforced, wood fiber, synthetic fiber, mineral fiber-reinforced, and thermosetting composites. Final chapters cover the tribology of polymer nanocomposites and particulate polymer composites and their metal coatings. Applied examples spanning a wide range of industries are emphasized in each chapter. Demonstrates the potential of polymer composites and their applications Covers novel methods for the synthesis of polymer composites and their properties Reviews the fabrication techniques, wear and frictional properties of polymer composite materials

Tribology of Nanocomposites

Tribology of Nanocomposites
Author : Paulo Davim J
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-10-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :102
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This book provides recent information on nanocomposites tribology. Chapter 1 provides information on tribology of bulk polymer nanocomposites and nanocomposite coatings. Chapter 2 is dedicated to nano and micro PTFE for surface lubrication of carbon fabric reinforced polyethersulphone composites. Chapter 3 describes Tribology of MoS2 -based nanocomposites. Chapter 4 contains information on friction and wear of Al2O2 -based composites with dispersed and agglomerated nanoparticles. Finally, chapter 5 is dedicated to wear of multi-scale phase reinforced composites. It is a useful reference for academics, materials and physics researchers, materials, mechanical and manufacturing engineers, both as final undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It is a useful reference for academics, materials and physics researchers, materials, mechanical and manufacturing engineers, both as final undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

Optimization of Polymer Nanocomposite Properties

Optimization of Polymer Nanocomposite Properties
Author : Vikas Mittal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2009-12-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :440
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A one-stop resource for researchers and developers alike, this book covers a plethora of nanocomposite properties and their enhancement mechanisms. With contributors from industry as well as academia, each chapter elucidates in detail the mechanisms to achieve a certain functionality of the polymer nanocomposite, such as improved biodegradability, increased chemical resistance and tribological performance. Special emphasis is laid on the interdependence of the factors that affect the nanocomposite properties such that readers obtain the information necessary to synthesize the polymer materials according to the requirements of their respective applications.

Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites

Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : Fengge Gao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-10-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :680
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The addition of nanoparticles to polymer composites has led to a new generation of composite materials with enhanced and novel properties. Advances in polymer nanocomposites reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications. Part one reviews types of polymer nanocomposites according to fillers. Processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement are discussed, alongside calcium carbonate and metal-polymer nanocomposites. Part two focuses on types of polymer nanocomposites according to matrix polymer, with polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites discussed. Soft, gel and biodegradable polymer nanocomposites are also considered. Part three goes on to investigate key applications, including fuel cells, aerospace applications, optical applications, coatings and flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in polymer nanocomposites is an essential guide for professionals and academics involved in all aspects of the design, development and application of polymer nanocomposites. Reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications Discusses processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement Discusses polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites

Polymer Tribology

Polymer Tribology
Author : Sujeet K Sinha,Brian J Briscoe
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2009-03-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :724
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This book deals with the new and now-expanding field of friction, wear, and other surface-related mechanical phenomena for polymers. Polymers have been used in various forms such as bulk, films, and composites in applications where their friction, wear resistance, and other surface-related properties have been effectively utilized. There are also many examples in which polymers have performed extremely well, such as in tyres, shoes, brakes, gears, bearings, small moving parts in electronics and MEMS, cosmetics/hair products, and artificial human joints. Around the world, much research is currently being undertaken to develop new polymers, in different forms, for further enhancing tribological performance and for finding novel applications. Keeping in view the importance of tribology of polymers for research and technology as well as the vast literature that is now available in research papers and review articles, this timely book brings together a wealth of research data for an understanding of the basic principles of the subject. Contents: Bulk Polymers:Adhesion and Friction of PolymersTribophysical Interpretation of Polymer Sliding MechanismsScaling Effects in Tribotesting of PolymersBiopolymer TribologyReinforced Polymers:Wear of Polytetrafluoroethylene and PTFE CompositesMechanical and Tribological Behaviour of Polymers Filled with Inorganic Particulate FillersThe Sliding Wear of Polypropylene and Its BlendsBrake Friction MaterialsPolymer Films:Mechanical Properties of Thin Polymer Films Within ContactsAFM Testing of Polymeric Resist Films for Nanoimprint Lithographyand other papers Readership: Engineering professionals working on polymers for designing bearing materials; managers and researchers in materials laboratories; graduate students in the area of materials/tribology. Keywords:Polymer;Tribology;Wear;Friction;ScratchingKey Features:Covers, for the first time, all areas of polymer tribology (bulk, films, composites, and applications) in one comprehensive bookDescribes new applications for polymers, such as in microscale and nanoscale machines where surface properties or tribology play a crucial role in the durability and performance of the machineCompiles various works in this area into one volume, and includes opinions or contributions from some of the world's leading authorities in this fieldReviews:“This book brings together a vast wealth of research data and a fundamental understanding of the basic principles in this important research area. Those working in the field of polymer tribology will find it helpful in learning about the most recent developments. Those new to the area will find its many chapters on the fundamentals of polymer tribology very instructive.”IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine

Polymer Nanocomposites

Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : Aravind Dasari,Zhong-Zhen Yu,Yiu-Wing Mai
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-06-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :305
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This highlights ongoing research efforts on different aspects of polymer nanocomposites and explores their potentials to exhibit multi-functional properties. In this context, it addresses both fundamental and advanced concepts, while delineating the parameters and mechanisms responsible for these potentials. Aspects considered include embrittlement/toughness; wear/scratch behaviour; thermal stability and flame retardancy; barrier, electrical and thermal conductivity; and optical and magnetic properties. Further, the book was written as a coherent unit rather than a collection of chapters on different topics. As such, the results, analyses and discussions presented herein provide a guide for the development of a new class of multi-functional nanocomposites. Offering an invaluable resource for materials researchers and postgraduate students in the polymer composites field, they will also greatly benefit materials

Handbook Of Polymer Tribology

Handbook Of Polymer Tribology
Author : Sujeet K Sinha
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2018-03-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :736
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This handbook is a collection of authoritative information in the new and expanding field of polymer tribology. It brings together various research topics in the field of polymer tribology in a single volume, and provides relevant data in polymer tribology for research and industrial applications.The book's chapters are written by active, world-renowned researchers in the field. Subjects covered in this book range from the fundamentals of polymer tribology to highly applied topics such as machine element design (bearing and gears), hip prosthetic and microsystems applications.Readers in the field of tribology, in general, and polymer tribology, in particular, will find it very useful as it covers nearly all aspects of polymer tribology. Academics creating new courses based on polymer tribology will also find this book's comprehensive coverage valuable. Researchers will find this book a ready source of the state-of-the-art in the field of polymer tribology.

Tribology of Natural Fiber Polymer Composites

Tribology of Natural Fiber Polymer Composites
Author : Mohammed Fahim,Navin Chand
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-10-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :220
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Environmental concerns are driving demand for bio-degradable materials such as plant-based natural fiber reinforced polymer composites. These composites are fast replacing conventional materials in many applications, especially in automobiles, where tribology (friction, lubrication and wear) is important. This book covers the availability and processing of natural fiber polymer composites and their structural, thermal, mechanical and, in particular, tribological properties. Chapter 1 discusses sources of natural fibers, their extraction and surface modification. It also reviews the thermal, structural, mechanical, spectroscopic and morphological properties of unmodified and chemically modified natural fibers such as sisal, jute, wood, bamboo and cotton together with their potential applications. Chapter 2 gives a brief introduction to the tribology of polymer composites and the role of fiber reinforcement and fillers in modifying their tribological properties. Further chapters discuss the chemical composition, physical structure, mechanical properties and tribological behaviour of polymer composites reinforced with sisal, jute, cotton and bamboo fibers. The tribological behaviour of wood polymer composites (WPCs) is also discussed. Tribology of natural fibre polymer composites is a useful reference guide for engineers, scientific and technical personnel involved in the development of natural fiber composites. In particular it will give an insight into mechanical properties and failure mechanisms in situations where wear, lubrication and friction are a problem. Examines the availability and processing of natural fiber composites and their structural, thermal, mechanical and tribological properties Explores sources of natural fibers, their extraction and surface modification as well as properties of chemically modified natural fibers Provides an overview of the tribology of polymer composites and the role of fiber reinforcement and filters in modifying tribological composites

Wear

Wear
Author : Gwidon W. Stachowiak
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2006-08-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :478
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Tribology is emerging from the realm of steam engines and crank-case lubricants and becoming key to vital new technologies such as nanotechnology and MEMS. Wear is an integral part of tribology, and an effective understanding and appreciation of wear is essential in order to achieve the reliable and efficient operation of almost any machine or device. Knowledge in the field has increased considerably over recent years, and continues to expand: this book is intended to stimulate its readers to contribute towards the progress of this fascinating subject that relates to most of the known disciplines in physical science. Wear – Materials, Mechanisms and Practice provides the reader with a unique insight into our current understanding of wear, based on the contributions of numerous internationally acclaimed specialists in the field. Offers a comprehensive review of current knowledge in the field of wear. Discusses latest topics in wear mechanism classification. Includes coverage of a wide variety of materials such as metals, polymers, polymer composites, diamonds, and diamond-like films and ceramics. Discusses the chemo-mechanical linkages that control tribology, providing a more complete treatment of the subject than just the conventional mechanical treatments. Illustrated throughout with carefully compiled diagrams that provide a unique insight into the controlling mechanisms of tribology. The state of the art research on wear and the mechanisms of wear featured will be of interest to post-graduate students and lecturers in engineering, materials science and chemistry. The practical applications discussed will appeal to practitioners across virtually all sectors of engineering and industry including electronic, mechanical and electrical, quality and reliability and design.

Reinforced Polymer Composites

Reinforced Polymer Composites
Author : Pramendra K. Bajpai,Inderdeep Singh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-12-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :288
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Presents state-of-the-art processing techniques and readily applicable knowledge on processing of polymer composites The book presents the advancement in the field of reinforced polymer composites with emphasis on manufacturing techniques, including processing of different reinforced polymer composites, secondary processing of green composites, and post life cycle processing. It discusses the advantages and limitations of each processing method and the effect of processing parameters on the overall performance of the composites. Characterization and applications of reinforced polymer composites are also introduced. Reinforced Polymer Composites: Processing, Characterization and Post Life Cycle Assessment starts off by providing readers with a comprehensive overview of the field. It then introduces them to the fabrication of both short fiber/filler reinforced polymer composites and laminated reinforced polymer composites. Next, it takes them through the processing of polymer-based nanocomposites; the many advances in curing methods of reinforced polymer composites; and post life cycle processing, re-processing, and disposal mechanisms of reinforced polymer composites. Numerous other chapters cover: synthetic versus natural fiber reinforced plastics; characterization techniques of reinforced plastics; friction and wear analysis of reinforced plastics; secondary processing of reinforced plastics; and applications of reinforced plastics. -Presents the latest development in materials, processing, and characterization techniques, as well as applications of reinforced polymer composites -Guides users in choosing the best processing methods to produce polymer composites and successfully manufacture high quality products -Assists academics in sorting out basic research questions and helps those in industry manufacture products, such as marine, automotive, aerospace, and sport goods Reinforced Polymer Composites: Processing, Characterization and Post Life Cycle Assessment is an important book for materials scientists, polymer chemists, chemical engineers, process engineers, and anyone involved in the chemical or plastics technology industry.

Tribology of Natural Fiber Polymer Composites

Tribology of Natural Fiber Polymer Composites
Author : Navin Chand,Mohammed Fahim
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-09-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :240
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Tribology of Natural Fiber Polymer Composites, Second Edition, covers the availability and processing of natural fiber polymer composites and their structural, thermal, mechanical and tribological properties and performance. Environmental concerns are driving demand for biodegradable materials such as plant-based, natural fiber-reinforced polymer composites. These composites are fast replacing conventional materials in many industrial applications, especially in automobiles, where tribology (friction, lubrication and wear) is an important aspect. Provides enhanced coverage on industrially relevant fiber types, such as flax, hemp, kenaf, rice, grain husk and pyrolyzed fibers Includes an emphasis on modeling and the simulation of the wear resistance of fibers Discusses the effect of aging in various environments and different results in wear and friction performance

Advanced Polymeric Materials

Advanced Polymeric Materials
Author : Rouxel, Didier,Thomas, Sabu,Kalarikkal, Nandakumar
Publisher : River Publishers
Release Date : 2018-05-23
Category : Science
Total pages :334
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Recent advances in polymer research has led to the generation of high quality materials for various applications in day to day life. The synthesis of new functional monomers has shown strong potential in generating novel polymer materials, with improved properties. Advanced Polymeric Materials includes fundamentals and numerous examples of polymer blend preparation and characterizations. Developments in blends, polymer nanocomposites and its various characterization techniques are highlighted in the book.

Self-Lubricating Composites

Self-Lubricating Composites
Author : Pradeep L. Menezes,Pradeep K. Rohatgi,Emad Omrani
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-06-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :335
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In most tribological applications, liquid or grease based lubricants are used to facilitate the relative motion of solid bodies to minimize friction and wear between interacting surfaces. The challenges for liquid lubricants arise in extreme environmental conditions, such as very high or low temperatures, vacuum, radiation, and extreme contact pressure. At these conditions, solid lubricants may be the alternative choice which can help to decrease friction and wear without incorporating liquid lubricants. Challenges with solid lubricants are to maintain a continuous supply of solid lubricants on the contact surfaces to act as lubricous layer between two sliding surfaces. Such a continuous supply of solid lubricant is more easily maintained in the case of liquid lubricants when compared to solid lubricants. The most innovative development to ensure a continuous supply of solid lubricant to the contact surface during sliding is to introduce solid lubricant as reinforcement into the matrix of one of the sliding components. Composite materials are engineered or naturally occurring materials which contain two or more distinct constituents with significantly different chemical, physical and mechanical properties. Composites consist of reinforcement and matrix (metal, polymer and ceramics). Among various reinforcements, recent emerging material, solid lubricant, is found to have many favorable attributes such as good self-lubricant property. Self‐lubrication is the ability of material to transfer embedded solid lubricants to the contact surface to decrease wear rate and friction in the absence of an external lubricant. Self-lubricating metal matrix composites (SLMMCs) are an important category of engineering materials that are increasingly replacing a number of conventional materials in the automotive, aerospace, and marine industries due to superior tribological properties. In SLMMCs, solid lubricant materials including carbonous materials, molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), and hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) are embedded into the metal matrices as reinforcements to manufacture a novel material with attractive self-lubricating properties. Several studies have been investigated the tribological properties of self-lubricating materials. This book fills that gap to have a reference book about self-lubricating materials and their properties to help scientists, engineers, and industries. This book will try to discuss technically about self-lubricating materials and their properties and the applications for industries. The chapters will be written by authoritative expertise in the field. Additionally, this book will demonstrate fundamental study and most advanced innovations in self-lubricating materials as regards to friction and wear. The chapters also include tribological properties of composites and coatings and some practical application of self-lubricating materials.

Characterization Techniques for Polymer Nanocomposites

Characterization Techniques for Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : Vikas Mittal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-08-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :378
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With its focus on the characterization of nanocomposites using such techniques as x-ray diffraction and spectrometry, light and electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, as well as nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectroscopy, this book helps to correctly interpret the recorded data. Each chapter introduces a particular characterization method, along with its foundations, and makes the user aware of its benefits, but also of its drawbacks. As a result, the reader will be able to reliably predict the microstructure of the synthesized polymer nanocomposite and its thermal and mechanical properties, and so assess its suitability for a particular application. Belongs on the shelf of every product engineer.