January 21, 2021

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Tsunamis

Tsunamis
Author : Antony Joseph
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2011-01-19
Category : Science
Total pages :448
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The devastating impacts of tsunamis have received increased focus since the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, the most destructive tsunami in over 400 years of recorded history. The tsunamis that occurred as a result of the earthquake in Japan in March 2011 further emphasized the need for detection, monitoring, and early-warning technologies. This professional reference is the first of its kind: it provides a globally inclusive review of the current state of tsunami detection technology and will be a much-needed resource for oceanographers and marine engineers working to upgrade and integrate their tsunami warning systems. It focuses on the two main tsunami warning systems (TWS): International and Regional. Featured are comparative assessments of detection, monitoring, and real-time reporting technologies. The challenges of detection through remote measuring stations are also addressed, as well as the historical and scientific aspects of tsunamis. Offers readers the only source of practical content on the technological details of the subject Written by a tsunami detection and monitoring expert who has 32 years of experience in the field Companion web site featuring multi-media components, timely updates on fast-paced technological developments, and an online forum where scientists can exchange ideas, discuss technological updates and provide the author with valuable feedback

Physics of Tsunamis

Physics of Tsunamis
Author : Boris W. Levin,Mikhail Nosov
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-10-22
Category : Nature
Total pages :388
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This second edition reflects significant progress in tsunami research, monitoring and mitigation within the last decade. Primarily meant to summarize the state-of-the-art knowledge on physics of tsunamis, it describes up-to-date models of tsunamis generated by a submarine earthquake, landslide, volcanic eruption, meteorite impact, and moving atmospheric pressure inhomogeneities. Models of tsunami propagation and run-up are also discussed. The book investigates methods of tsunami monitoring including coastal mareographs, deep-water pressure gauges, GPS buoys, satellite altimetry, the study of ionospheric disturbances caused by tsunamis and the study of paleotsunamis. Non-linear phenomena in tsunami source and manifestations of water compressibility are discussed in the context of their contribution to the wave amplitude and energy. The practical method of calculating the initial elevation on a water surface at a seismotectonic tsunami source is expounded. Potential and eddy traces of a tsunamigenic earthquake in the ocean are examined in terms of their applicability to tsunami warning. The first edition of this book was published in 2009. Since then, a few catastrophic events occurred, including the 2011 Tohoku tsunami, which is well known all over the world. The book is intended for researchers, students and specialists in oceanography, geophysics, seismology, hydro-acoustics, geology, and geomorphology, including the engineering and insurance industries.

Physics of Tsunamis

Physics of Tsunamis
Author : Boris Levin,Mikhail Nosov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-10-27
Category : Science
Total pages :327
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Till the very end of the twentieth century tsunami waves (or ‘waves in a harbour’, translated from Japanese) were considered an extremely rare and exotic natural p- nomenon, originating in the ocean and unexpectedly falling upon the seaside as gigantic waves. The 26th of December 2004, when tsunami waves wiped out, in a single day, more than 250,000 human lives, mourned in many countries, turned out to be a tragic date for all mankind. The authors of this book, who have studied tsunami waves for many years, - tended it to be a systematic exposition of modern ideas concerning • The mechanisms of tsunami wave generation • The peculiarities of tsunami wave propagation in the open ocean and of how waves run-up beaches • Methods for tsunami wave registration and the operation of a tsunami warning system • The mechanisms of other catastrophic processes in the ocean related to the se- mic activity of our planet The authors considered their main goal to be the creation of book prese- ing modern knowledge of tsunami waves and of other catastrophes in the ocean to scienti?c researchers and specialists in geophysics, oceanography, seismology, hydroacoustics, geology, geomorphology, civil and seaside engineering, postgr- uate students and students of relevant professions.

Tsunamis

Tsunamis
Author : Kenji Satake
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-03-30
Category : Science
Total pages :346
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A timely review of state-of-the-art tsunami research, covering case studies and recent developments from various approaches. Provides a practical guide to improving operational tsunami warning systems and mitigating coastal hazard from tsunamis.

Tsunamis in the World

Tsunamis in the World
Author : Stefano Tinti
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1993-07-31
Category : Science
Total pages :230
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estimate tsunami potential by computing seismic moment. This system holds promise for a new generation of local tsunami warning systems. Shuto (Japan) described his conversion of !ida's definition of tsunami magnitude to local tsunami efforts. For example, i l = 2 would equal 4 m local wave height, which would destroy wooden houses and damage most fishing boats. SimOes (Portugal) reported on a seamount-based seismic system that was located in the tsunami source area for Portugal. In summary, the risk of tsunami hazard appears to be more widespread than the Pacific Ocean Basin. It appears that underwater slumps are an important component in tsunami generation. Finally, new technologies are emerging that would be used in a new generation of tsunami warning systems. These are exciting times for tsunami researchers. OBSERVATIONS TSUNAMI DISPERSION OBSERVED IN THE DEEP OCEAN F. I. GONZALEZl and Ye. A. KULIKOV2 Ipacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA 7600 Sand Point Way, N. E. , Seattle, W A 98115 USA 2State Oceanographic Institute Kropotkinskey per. 6 Moscow 119034, Russia CIS The amplitude and frequency modulation observed in bottom pressure records of the 6 March 1988 Alaskan Bight tsunami are shown to be due to dispersion as predicted by linear wave theory. The simple wave model developed for comparison with the data is also consistent with an important qualitative feature of the sea floor displacement pattern which is predicted by a seismic fault plane deformation model, i. e. the existence of a western-subsidence/eastern-uplift dipole.

Tsunamis in the Mediterranean Sea 2000 B.C.-2000 A.D.

Tsunamis in the Mediterranean Sea 2000 B.C.-2000 A.D.
Author : Sergeĭ Leonidovich Solovʹev,Sergey L. Soloviev,Olga N. Solovieva,Chan N. Go,Khen S. Kim,Nikolay A. Shchetnikov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2000-09-30
Category : Science
Total pages :237
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This volume contains descriptions of about 300 tsunami and of similar known phenomena in the Mediterranean Sea. Earthquakes and other processes generating tsunami are also described. The intensity of tsunami waves is estimated, and the causes of tsunami generation are given together with the reliability of the information. The literary data are given on coordinates and magnitudes of tsunamigenic earthquakes. 18 zones of tsunami generation are identified, which have been subdivided into four groups according to the maximum intensity and periodicity. Audience: The book should be of interest to seismologists, oceanographers, volcanologists, geographers, and specialists investigating natural hazards and their consequences.

Tsunamis

Tsunamis
Author : Michele Ingber Drohan
Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group
Release Date : 1999
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :24
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Describes tsunamis, where they occur, what causes them, and what can be done to protect people from them.

Tsunamis

Tsunamis
Author : Antony Joseph
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2011-01-19
Category : Science
Total pages :448
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The devastating impacts of tsunamis have received increased focus since the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, the most destructive tsunami in over 400 years of recorded history. The tsunamis that occurred as a result of the earthquake in Japan in March 2011 further emphasized the need for detection, monitoring, and early-warning technologies. This professional reference is the first of its kind: it provides a globally inclusive review of the current state of tsunami detection technology and will be a much-needed resource for oceanographers and marine engineers working to upgrade and integrate their tsunami warning systems. It focuses on the two main tsunami warning systems (TWS): International and Regional. Featured are comparative assessments of detection, monitoring, and real-time reporting technologies. The challenges of detection through remote measuring stations are also addressed, as well as the historical and scientific aspects of tsunamis. Offers readers the only source of practical content on the technological details of the subject Written by a tsunami detection and monitoring expert who has 32 years of experience in the field Companion web site featuring multi-media components, timely updates on fast-paced technological developments, and an online forum where scientists can exchange ideas, discuss technological updates and provide the author with valuable feedback

Caribbean Tsunamis

Caribbean Tsunamis
Author : K.F. O'Loughlin,James F. Lander
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-06-29
Category : Science
Total pages :263
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Caribbean Tsunamis - A 500-Year History from 1498-1998 broadly characterizes the nature of tsunamis in the Caribbean Sea, while bearing in mind both scientific aspects as well as potential interest by the many governments and populations likely to be affected by the hazard. Comprehension of the nature of tsunamis and past effects is crucial for the awareness and education of populations at risk. Audience: This book provides a thorough, yet highly accessible review of tsunamis in the Caribbean. It is of interest not only to tsunami and natural hazards specialists at academia and governmental institutes, but also to policy makers and to the general public.

Tsunamis

Tsunamis
Author : Lisa Bullard
Publisher : LernerClassroom
Release Date : 2008-09-01
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :32
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Answers questions about what a tsunami is, how they happen, and how people can stay safe if one occurs.

Submarine Landslides and Tsunamis

Submarine Landslides and Tsunamis
Author : Ahmet C. Yalçiner,Efim N. Pelinovsky,Emile Okal,Costas E. Synolakis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :328
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Tsunamis are water waves triggered by impulsive geologic events such as sea floor deformation, landslides, slumps, subsidence, volcanic eruptions and bolide impacts. Tsunamis can inflict significant damage and casualties both nearfield and after evolving over long propagation distances and impacting distant coastlines. Tsunamis can also effect geomorphologic changes along the coast. Understanding tsunami generation and evolution is of paramount importance for protecting coastal population at risk, coastal structures and the natural environment. Accurately and reliably predicting the initial waveform and the associated coastal effects of tsunamis remains one of the most vexing problems in geophysics, and -with few exceptions- has resisted routine numerical computation or data collection solutions. While ten years ago, it was believed that the generation problem was adequately understood for useful predictions, it is now clear that it is not, especially nearfield. By contrast, the runup problem earlier believed intractable is now well understood for all but the most extreme breaking wave events.

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves
Author : Max Engel,Jessica Pilarczyk,Simon Matthias May,Dominik Brill,Ed Garrett
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-07-25
Category : Science
Total pages :848
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Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves provides a systematic compendium with concise chapters on the concept and history of paleotsunami research, sediment types and sediment sources, field methods, sedimentary and geomorphological characteristics, as well as dating and modeling approaches. By contrasting tsunami deposits with those of competing mechanisms in the coastal zone such as storm waves and surges, and by embedding this field of research into the wider context of tsunami science, the book is also relevant to readers interested in paleotempestology, coastal sedimentary environments, or sea-level changes, and coastal hazard management. The effectiveness of paleotsunami records in coastal hazard-mitigation strategies strongly depends on the appropriate selection of research approaches and methods that are tailored to the site-specific environment and age of the deposits. In addition to summarizing the state-of-the-art in tsunami sedimentology, Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves guides researchers through establishing an appropriate research design and how to develop reliable records of prehistoric events using field-based and laboratory methods, as well as modeling techniques. Features a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in tsunami sedimentology and paleotsunami research Offers advice on the most appropriate mapping, sampling, and analytical approaches for a wide variety of coastal settings and sedimentary environments Provides methodological details for field sampling and the most important proxy analyses

Tsunamis: Threats And Management

Tsunamis: Threats And Management
Author : Jagbir Singh
Publisher : I. K. International Pvt Ltd
Release Date : 2009-01-01
Category : Emergency management
Total pages :219
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The book deals with the mechanism of Tsunami related environmental problems to India and the role that disaster management will play. Natural disasters are a big challenge for the world community, particularly for India, where the time has come that the government takes responsibility to see that the local people living in the coastal areas must be involved and that the disaster management awareness programme must be compulsory in all schools. This book deals with all the aspects of Tsunamis and their management.

Catalog of Tsunamis in the Pacific, 1969-1982

Catalog of Tsunamis in the Pacific, 1969-1982
Author : S. L. Soloviev,K. Kim,CGO Staff
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release Date : 1997-04-01
Category :
Total pages :208
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English translation of a Russian publication (although the majority of data used for the compilation of the catalog was originally written in English) by the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. All available information on 85 tsunamis observed in the Pacific Ocean during the period 1969-1982 has been collected and systematically arranged in this book. Includes maps of sources, copies of tide gauge records and wave intensities, and a list of the main parameters of the earthquakes and the intensities of the tsunamis. Extensive bibliography.

Tsunamis

Tsunamis
Author : Eddie N. Bernard,Allan R. Robinson
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release Date : 2009
Category : Science
Total pages :450
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The world's foremost experts write about the dynamics of geophysical processes involved in tsunami generation, propagation, and inundation, along with the statistical and geophysical properties of tsunami recurrence, and their application to tsunami forecasts and warnings.