June 16, 2021

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Physics of Tsunamis

Physics of Tsunamis
Author : Boris W. Levin,Mikhail Nosov
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-10-22
Category : Nature
Total pages :388
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This second edition reflects significant progress in tsunami research, monitoring and mitigation within the last decade. Primarily meant to summarize the state-of-the-art knowledge on physics of tsunamis, it describes up-to-date models of tsunamis generated by a submarine earthquake, landslide, volcanic eruption, meteorite impact, and moving atmospheric pressure inhomogeneities. Models of tsunami propagation and run-up are also discussed. The book investigates methods of tsunami monitoring including coastal mareographs, deep-water pressure gauges, GPS buoys, satellite altimetry, the study of ionospheric disturbances caused by tsunamis and the study of paleotsunamis. Non-linear phenomena in tsunami source and manifestations of water compressibility are discussed in the context of their contribution to the wave amplitude and energy. The practical method of calculating the initial elevation on a water surface at a seismotectonic tsunami source is expounded. Potential and eddy traces of a tsunamigenic earthquake in the ocean are examined in terms of their applicability to tsunami warning. The first edition of this book was published in 2009. Since then, a few catastrophic events occurred, including the 2011 Tohoku tsunami, which is well known all over the world. The book is intended for researchers, students and specialists in oceanography, geophysics, seismology, hydro-acoustics, geology, and geomorphology, including the engineering and insurance industries.

Tsunamis

Tsunamis
Author : Horace M. Karling
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release Date : 2005
Category : Science
Total pages :158
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The phenomenon called a 'tsunami' (soo-NAHmee) is a series of travelling ocean waves of extremely long length generated primarily by earthquakes occurring below or near the ocean floor. Underwater volcanic eruptions and landslides can also generate tsunamis. In the deep ocean, the tsunami waves propagate across the deep ocean with a speed exceeding 800 kilometres per hour (km, 500 miles per hour), and a wave height of only a few tens of centimetres (1 foot) or less. Tsunami waves are distinguished from ordinary ocean waves by their great length between wave crests, often exceeding a 100 km (60 miles) or more in the deep ocean, and by the time between these crests, ranging from 10 minutes to an hour. As they reach the shallow waters of the coast, the waves slow down and the water can pile up into a wall of destruction tens of meters (30 ft) or more in height. The effect can be amplified where a bay, harbour or lagoon funnels the wave as it moves inland. Large tsunamis have been known to rise over 30 meters (100 ft). Even a tsunami 3-6 meters (m) high can be very destructive and cause many deaths and injuries. near the ocean. During the 1990s, over 4,000 people were killed by 10 tsunamis, including more than 1000 lives lost in the 1992 Flores region, Indonesia, and 2200 lives in the 1998 Aitape, Papua New Guinea tsunamis. Property damage was nearly one billion United States (US) dollars. Although 80 per cent of the tsunamis occur in the Pacific, they can also threaten coastlines of countries in other regions, including the Indian Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, Caribbean region, and even the Atlantic Ocean.

Tsunamis

Tsunamis
Author : Antony Joseph
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2011-01-19
Category : Science
Total pages :448
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The devastating impacts of tsunamis have received increased focus since the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, the most destructive tsunami in over 400 years of recorded history. The tsunamis that occurred as a result of the earthquake in Japan in March 2011 further emphasized the need for detection, monitoring, and early-warning technologies. This professional reference is the first of its kind: it provides a globally inclusive review of the current state of tsunami detection technology and will be a much-needed resource for oceanographers and marine engineers working to upgrade and integrate their tsunami warning systems. It focuses on the two main tsunami warning systems (TWS): International and Regional. Featured are comparative assessments of detection, monitoring, and real-time reporting technologies. The challenges of detection through remote measuring stations are also addressed, as well as the historical and scientific aspects of tsunamis. Offers readers the only source of practical content on the technological details of the subject Written by a tsunami detection and monitoring expert who has 32 years of experience in the field Companion web site featuring multi-media components, timely updates on fast-paced technological developments, and an online forum where scientists can exchange ideas, discuss technological updates and provide the author with valuable feedback

Tsunamis

Tsunamis
Author : Joseph L. Hammack
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1972
Category : Ocean waves
Total pages :261
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Tsunamis and Tides

Tsunamis and Tides
Author : Gaylord Riggs Miller
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1964
Category : Tides
Total pages :240
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Tsunamis

Tsunamis
Author : George Capaccio
Publisher : Benchmark Education Company
Release Date : 2011
Category : Tsunamis
Total pages :32
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Readers learn about tsunamis, how they develop, how powerful they can be, and how scientists warn people about them.

Tsunamis

Tsunamis
Author : Jennifer Swanson
Publisher : ABDO
Release Date : 2014-09-01
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :48
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Life on Earth is never boring. What actually happens when Earth unleashes its fury? This title gives you an up-close look at the power of our planet. With well-researched, clearly written informational text, primary sources with accompanying questions, charts, graphs, diagrams, timelines, and maps, multiple prompts, and more, you�ll know all you need to know about tsunamis! Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards. Core Library is an imprint of ABDO Publishing Company.

Catalog of Tsunamis in the Pacific

Catalog of Tsunamis in the Pacific
Author : Sergeĭ Leonidovich Solovʹev
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1992
Category : Tsunamis
Total pages :207
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The Associated Press Library of Disasters: Earthquakes and tsunamis

The Associated Press Library of Disasters: Earthquakes and tsunamis
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Grolier Academic Reference
Release Date : 1998
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :8
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This set uses a variety of articles to explore 20th-century disasters.

Tsunamis

Tsunamis
Author : Li-San Hwang,Y. Keen Lee
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1980
Category : Tsunamis
Total pages :328
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Acceleration and Impact of Structures Moved by Tsunamis Or Flash Floods

Acceleration and Impact of Structures Moved by Tsunamis Or Flash Floods
Author : Frederick E. Camfield
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1978
Category : Buildings
Total pages :14
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Inundations and Forces Caused by Tsunamis for the State of Hawaii

Inundations and Forces Caused by Tsunamis for the State of Hawaii
Author : Charles L. Bretschneider,Pieter Wybro
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1975
Category : Flood forecasting
Total pages :176
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Catalog of tsunamis on the western coast of Mexico

Catalog of tsunamis on the western coast of Mexico
Author : Antonio J. Sanchez
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1991
Category : Tsunamis
Total pages :109
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Tsunamis in the World

Tsunamis in the World
Author : Stefano Tinti
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1993-07-31
Category : Science
Total pages :230
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estimate tsunami potential by computing seismic moment. This system holds promise for a new generation of local tsunami warning systems. Shuto (Japan) described his conversion of !ida's definition of tsunami magnitude to local tsunami efforts. For example, i l = 2 would equal 4 m local wave height, which would destroy wooden houses and damage most fishing boats. SimOes (Portugal) reported on a seamount-based seismic system that was located in the tsunami source area for Portugal. In summary, the risk of tsunami hazard appears to be more widespread than the Pacific Ocean Basin. It appears that underwater slumps are an important component in tsunami generation. Finally, new technologies are emerging that would be used in a new generation of tsunami warning systems. These are exciting times for tsunami researchers. OBSERVATIONS TSUNAMI DISPERSION OBSERVED IN THE DEEP OCEAN F. I. GONZALEZl and Ye. A. KULIKOV2 Ipacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA 7600 Sand Point Way, N. E. , Seattle, W A 98115 USA 2State Oceanographic Institute Kropotkinskey per. 6 Moscow 119034, Russia CIS The amplitude and frequency modulation observed in bottom pressure records of the 6 March 1988 Alaskan Bight tsunami are shown to be due to dispersion as predicted by linear wave theory. The simple wave model developed for comparison with the data is also consistent with an important qualitative feature of the sea floor displacement pattern which is predicted by a seismic fault plane deformation model, i. e. the existence of a western-subsidence/eastern-uplift dipole.

Frequencies of Crest Heights for Random Combinations of Astronomical Tides and Tsunamis Recorded at Crescent City, California

Frequencies of Crest Heights for Random Combinations of Astronomical Tides and Tsunamis Recorded at Crescent City, California
Author : Charles Petrauskas,L. E. Borgman
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1971
Category : Crescent City (Calif.)
Total pages :128
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Of particular concern to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is the protection of Crescent City, California from future tsunami damage. Six tsunamis having maximum wave heights greater than one foot have hit Crescent City since 1946 (4) (see Fig. 1). The last two occurred on May 23, 1960 and March 28, 1964. Their wave heights were 10.5 ft and 22-26 ft, respectively, and the tsunamis caused millions of dollars of damage. Presently studies are being conducted by the Corps to evaluate the required height of a seawall fronting the ocean. The report presents a method for taking into account the random occurrence of tsunamis with respect to the astronomical tide. The important parameter describing the tsunami's damage potential is assumed to be the maximum total water level during the occurrence of a tsunami. The total water level is assumed to be the sum of the tide water level and the tsunami water level with respect to the tide. The method is applied to the 1960 and 1964 tsunamis that were recorded on the Crescent City tide gage at Dutton's Dock. The result is a histogram of the maximum total water level for each of the tsunamis which can then be used to evaluate the severity of the tsunamis. (Author).