November 26, 2020

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Ultrarelativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions

Ultrarelativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions
Author : Ramona Vogt
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-06-04
Category : Science
Total pages :488
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This book is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in high energy heavy-ion physics. It is relevant for students who will work on topics being explored at RHIC and the LHC. In the first part, the basic principles of these studies are covered including kinematics, cross sections (including the quark model and parton distribution functions), the geometry of nuclear collisions, thermodynamics, hydrodynamics and relevant aspects of lattice gauge theory at finite temperature. The second part covers some more specific probes of heavy-ion collisions at these energies: high mass thermal dileptons, quarkonium and hadronization. The second part also serves as extended examples of concepts learned in the previous part. Both parts contain examples in the text as well as exercises at the end of each chapter. - Designed for students and newcomers to the field - Focuses on hard probes and QCD - Covers all aspects of high energy heavy-ion physics - Includes worked example problems and exercises

Phenomenology of Ultra-relativistic Heavy-ion Collisions

Phenomenology of Ultra-relativistic Heavy-ion Collisions
Author : Anonim
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions And The Quark-Gluon Plasma

Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions And The Quark-Gluon Plasma
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1986
Category :
Total pages :129
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Melting Hadrons, Boiling Quarks - From Hagedorn Temperature to Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions at CERN

Melting Hadrons, Boiling Quarks - From Hagedorn Temperature to Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions at CERN
Author : Johann Rafelski
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-10-21
Category : Science
Total pages :441
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This book shows how the study of multi-hadron production phenomena in the years after the founding of CERN culminated in Hagedorn's pioneering idea of limiting temperature, leading on to the discovery of the quark-gluon plasma -- announced, in February 2000 at CERN. Following the foreword by Herwig Schopper -- the Director General (1981-1988) of CERN at the key historical juncture -- the first part is a tribute to Rolf Hagedorn (1919-2003) and includes contributions by contemporary friends and colleagues, and those who were most touched by Hagedorn: Tamás Biró, Igor Dremin, Torleif Ericson, Marek Gaździcki, Mark Gorenstein, Hans Gutbrod, Maurice Jacob, István Montvay, Berndt Müller, Grazyna Odyniec, Emanuele Quercigh, Krzysztof Redlich, Helmut Satz, Luigi Sertorio, Ludwik Turko, and Gabriele Veneziano. The second and third parts retrace 20 years of developments that after discovery of the Hagedorn temperature in 1964 led to its recognition as the melting point of hadrons into boiling quarks, and to the rise of the experimental relativistic heavy ion collision program. These parts contain previously unpublished material authored by Hagedorn and Rafelski: conference retrospectives, research notes, workshop reports, in some instances abbreviated to avoid duplication of material, and rounded off with the editor's explanatory notes. About the editor: Johann Rafelski is a theoretical physicist working at The University of Arizona in Tucson, USA. Bor n in 1950 in Krakow, Poland, he received his Ph.D. with Walter Greiner in Frankfurt, Germany in 1973. Rafelski arrived at CERN in 1977, where in a joint effort with Hagedorn he contributed greatly to the establishment of the relativistic heavy ion collision, and quark-gluon plasma research fields. Moving on, with stops in Frankfurt and Cape Town, to Arizona, he invented and developed the strangeness quark flavor as the signature of quark-gluon plasma.

Introduction to Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions

Introduction to Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions
Author : L. P. Csernai
Publisher : John Wiley & Son Limited
Release Date : 1994-05-10
Category : Science
Total pages :310
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Introduction to Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions László P. Csernai University of Bergen, Norway Written for postgraduates and advanced undergraduates in physics, this clear and concise work covers a wide range of subjects from intermediate to ultra-relativistic energies, thus providing an introductory overview of heavy ion physics. The reader is introduced to essential principles in heavy ion physics through a variety of questions, with answers, of varying difficulty. This timely text is based on a series of well received lectures given by Professor L. Csernai at the University of Minnesota, and the University of Bergen, where the author is based.

Microscopic Models for Ultrarelativistic Heavy Ion Collisions

Microscopic Models for Ultrarelativistic Heavy Ion Collisions
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1998
Category :
Total pages :130
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Femtoscopic Analysis of Baryon Correlations in Ultra-relativistic Heavy-ion Collisions Registered by ALICE

Femtoscopic Analysis of Baryon Correlations in Ultra-relativistic Heavy-ion Collisions Registered by ALICE
Author : Maciej Paweł Szymański
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2016
Category :
Total pages :129
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QCD Perspectives on Hot and Dense Matter

QCD Perspectives on Hot and Dense Matter
Author : Jean-Paul Blaizot,Edmond Iancu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2002-11-30
Category : Science
Total pages :522
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Many facets of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) are relevant to the in-depth discussion of theoretical and experimental aspects of high-energy nucleus-nucleus collisions. Exciting phenomena are being discovered in such ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions, notably the increasingly important role of deconfined quark-gluon matter created in the early stage. The book contains lectures on the physics of hot dense matter, the expected phase transitions and colour superconductivity, recent developments in the treatment of nonlinear effects at large parton densities, fundamental issues in the phenomenology of ultrarelativistic heavy collisions. The latest data on heavy ion collisions are also presented. A unique collection of lectures on the many facets of QCD relevant to the physics of hot dense matter.

Quark-Gluon Plasma

Quark-Gluon Plasma
Author : Kohsuke Yagi,Tetsuo Hatsuda,Yasuo Miake
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2005-12-15
Category : Science
Total pages :446
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Advanced text/reference on QGP and quantum chromodynamics covering both theory and experiments.

Introduction to Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics

Introduction to Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics
Author : Jerzy Bartke
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2009
Category : Science
Total pages :224
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This book attempts to cover the fascinating field of physics of relativistic heavy ions, mainly from the experimentalist's point of view. After the introductory chapter on quantum chromodynamics, basic properties of atomic nuclei, sources of relativistic nuclei, and typical detector set-ups are described in three subsequent chapters. Experimental facts on collisions of relativistic heavy ions are systematically presented in 15 consecutive chapters, starting from the simplest features like cross sections, multiplicities, and spectra of secondary particles and going to more involved characteristics like correlations, various relatively rare processes, and newly discovered features: collective flow, high pT suppression and jet quenching. Some entirely new topics are included, such as the difference between neutron and proton radii in nuclei, heavy hypernuclei, and electromagnetic effects on secondary particle spectra.Phenomenological approaches and related simple models are discussed in parallel with the presentation of experimental data. Near the end of the book, recent ideas about the new state of matter created in collisions of ultrarelativistic nuclei are discussed. In the final chapter, some predictions are given for nuclear collisions in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), now in construction at the site of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva. Finally, the appendix gives us basic notions of relativistic kinematics, and lists the main international conferences related to this field. A concise reference book on physics of relativistic heavy ions, it shows the present status of this field.

Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics

Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics
Author : Reinhard Stock
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-04-01
Category : Science
Total pages :688
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This new volume, I/23, of the Landolt-Börnstein Data Collection series continues a tradition inaugurated by the late Editor-in-Chief, Professor Werner Martienssen, to provide in the style of an encyclopedia a summary of the results and ideas of Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics. Formerly, the Landolt-Börnstein series was mostly known as a compilation of numerical data and functional relations, but it was felt that the more comprehensive summary undertaken here should meet an urgent purpose. Volume I/23 reports on the present state of theoretical and experimental knowledge in the field of Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics. What is meant by this rather technical terminology is the study of strongly interacting matter, and its phases (in short QCD matter) by means of nucleus-nucleus collisions at relativistic energy. The past decade has seen a dramatic progress, and widening of scope in this field, which addresses one of the chief remaining open frontiers of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and, in a wider sense, the "Standard Model of Elementary Interactions". The data resulting from the CERN SPS, BNL AGS and GSI SIS experiments, and in particular also from almost a decade of experiments carried out at the "Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider"(RHIC) at Brookhaven, have been fully analyzed, uncovering a wealth of information about both the confined and deconfined phases of QCD at high energy density.

The Early Stage Of Ultra-Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions

The Early Stage Of Ultra-Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1987
Category :
Total pages :129
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New Horizons in Fundamental Physics

New Horizons in Fundamental Physics
Author : Stefan Schramm,Mirko Schäfer
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-11-11
Category : Science
Total pages :389
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This volume presents the state-of-the-art in selected topics across modern nuclear physics, covering fields of central importance to research and illustrating their connection to many different areas of physics. It describes recent progress in the study of superheavy and exotic nuclei, which is pushing our knowledge to ever heavier elements and neutron-richer isotopes. Extending nuclear physics to systems that are many times denser than even the core of an atomic nucleus, one enters the realm of the physics of neutron stars and possibly quark stars, a topic that is intensively investigated with many ground-based and outer-space research missions as well as numerous theoretical works. By colliding two nuclei at very high ultra-relativistic energies one can create a fireball of extremely hot matter, reminiscent of the universe very shortly after the big bang, leading to a phase of melted hadrons and free quarks and gluons, the so-called quark-gluon plasma. These studies tie up with effects of crucial importance in other fields. During the collision of heavy ions, electric fields of extreme strength are produced, potentially destabilizing the vacuum of the atomic physics system, subsequently leading to the decay of the vacuum state and the emission of positrons. In neutron stars the ultra-dense matter might support extremely high magnetic fields, far beyond anything that can be produced in the laboratory, significantly affecting the stellar properties. At very high densities general relativity predicts the stellar collapse to a black hole. However, a number of current theoretical activities, modifying Einstein’s theory, point to possible alternative scenarios, where this collapse might be avoided. These and related topics are addressed in this book in a series of highly readable chapters. In addition, the book includes fundamental analyses of the practicalities involved in transiting to an electricity supply mainly based on renewable energies, investigating this scenario less from an engineering and more from a physics point of view. While the topics comprise a large scope of activities, the contributions also show an extensive overlap in the methodology and in the analytical and numerical tools involved in tackling these diverse research fields that are the forefront of modern science.

The CBM Physics Book

The CBM Physics Book
Author : Bengt Friman,Claudia Höhne,Jörn Knoll,Stefan Leupold,Jorgen Randrup,Ralf Rapp,Peter Senger
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2011-03-03
Category : Science
Total pages :980
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This exhaustive survey is the result of a four year effort by many leading researchers in the field to produce both a readable introduction and a yardstick for the many upcoming experiments using heavy ion collisions to examine the properties of nuclear matter. The books falls naturally into five large parts, first examining the bulk properties of strongly interacting matter, including its equation of state and phase structure. Part II discusses elementary hadronic excitations of nuclear matter, Part III addresses the concepts and models regarding the space-time dynamics of nuclear collision experiments, Part IV collects the observables from past and current high-energy heavy-ion facilities in the context of the theoretical predictions specific to compressed baryonic matter. Part V finally gives a brief description of the experimental concepts. The book explicitly addresses everyone working or planning to enter the field of high-energy nuclear physics.

Quark--Gluon Plasma 3

Quark--Gluon Plasma 3
Author : Rudolph C. Hwa,Xin-Nian Wan
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2004
Category : Science
Total pages :777
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Annotation. Text reviews the major topics in Quark-Gluon Plasma, including: the QCD phase diagram, the transition temperature, equation of state, heavy quark free energies, and thermal modifications of hadron properties. Includes index, references, and appendix. For researchers and practitioners.