November 25, 2020

Download Ebook Free Underneath The Bragg Peaks

Underneath the Bragg Peaks

Underneath the Bragg Peaks
Author : Takeshi Egami,S. J. L. Billinge
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2003
Category : Science
Total pages :404
GET BOOK

This book describes a technique of structural study, the atomic-pair distribution function analysis. This is a relatively new technique, with a strong promise of wide application in the study of the local structure of crystalline materials and materials science in general.

Elementary Scattering Theory

Elementary Scattering Theory
Author : D.S. Sivia
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2011-01-06
Category : Science
Total pages :201
GET BOOK

This book provides the basic theoretical background for X-ray and neutron scattering experiments. Since these techniques are increasingly being used by biologists and chemists, as well as physicists, the book is intended to be accessible to a broad spectrum of scientists.

Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations

Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations
Author : Reinhard B. Neder,Thomas Proffen
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2008-11-20
Category : Computers
Total pages :228
GET BOOK

Understanding the atomic structure of complex and time disordered materials relies upon computer simulations of these structures. This cook book provides a unique mixture of simulation know-how and hands on examples. All related files and the program DISCUS are included on a CDROM with the book.

Phase Transformations

Phase Transformations
Author : Srikumar Banerjee,Pradip Mukhopadhyay
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-05-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :840
GET BOOK

The terms phase transitions and phase transformations are often used in an interchangeable manner in the metallurgical literature. In Phase Transformations, transformations driven by pressure changes, radiation and deformation and those occurring in nanoscale multilayers are brought to the fore. Order-disorder transformations, many of which constitute very good examples of continuous transformations, are dealt with in a comprehensive manner. Almost all types of phase transformations and reactions that are commonly encountered in inorganic materials are covered and the underlying thermodynamic, kinetic and crystallographic aspects elucidated. Shows readers the advancements in the field - due to enhanced computing power and superior experimental capability Drawing upon the background and the research experience of the authors, bringing together a wealth of experience Written essentially from a physical metallurgists view point

A Journey into Reciprocal Space

A Journey into Reciprocal Space
Author : A.M. Glazer
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release Date : 2017-11-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :190
GET BOOK

The concept of reciprocal space is over 100 years old, and has been of particular use by crystallographers in order to understand the patterns of spots when x-rays are diffracted by crystals. However, it has a much more general use, especially in the physics of the solid state. In order to understand what it is, how to construct it and how to make use of it, it is first necessary to start with the so-called real or direct space and then show how reciprocal space is related to it. Real space describes the objects we see around us, especially with regards to crystals, their physical shapes and symmetries and the arrangements of atoms within: the so-called crystal structure. Reciprocal space on the other hand deals with the crystals as seen through their diffraction images. Indeed, crystallographers are accustomed to working backwards from the diffraction images to the crystal structures, which we call crystal structure solution. In solid state physics, one usually works the other way, starting with reciprocal space to explain various solid-state properties, such as thermal and electrical phenomena. In this book, I start with the crystallographer's point of view of real and reciprocal space and then proceed to develop this in a form suitable for physics applications. Note that while for the crystallographer reciprocal space is a handy means of dealing with diffraction, for the solid-state physicist it is thought of as a way to describe the formation and motion of waves, in which case the physicist thinks of reciprocal space in terms of momentum or wave-vector k-space. This is because, for periodic structures, a characteristic of normal crystals, elementary quantum excitations, e.g. phonons and electrons, can be described both as particles and waves. The treatment given here, will be by necessity brief, but I would hope that this will suffice to lead the reader to build upon the concepts described. I have tried to write this book in a suitable form for both undergraduate and graduate students of what today we call "condensed matter physics."

Local Structure from Diffraction

Local Structure from Diffraction
Author : S.J.L. Billinge,M.F. Thorpe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-04-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :399
GET BOOK

This series of books, which is published at the rate of about one per year, addresses fundamental problems in materials science. The contents cover a broad range of topics from small clusters of atoms to engineering materials and involve chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering, with length scales ranging from Ångstroms up to millimeters. The emphasis is on basic science rather than on applications. Each book focuses on a single area of current interest and brings together leading experts to give an up-to-date discussion of their work and the work of others. Each article contains enough references that the interested reader can access the relevant literature. Thanks are given to the Center for Fundamental Materials Research at Michigan State University for supporting this series. M.F. Thorpe, Series Editor E-mail: thorpe @ pa.msu.edu East Lansing, Michigan PREFACE One of the most challenging problems in the study of structure is to characterize the atomic short-range order in materials. Long-range order can be determined with a high degree of accuracy by analyzing Bragg peak positions and intensities in data from single crystals or powders. However, information about short-range order is contained in the diffuse scattering intensity. This is difficult to analyze because it is low in absolute intensity (though the integrated intensity may be significant) and widely spread in reciprocal space.

Introduction to Conventional Transmission Electron Microscopy

Introduction to Conventional Transmission Electron Microscopy
Author : Marc De Graef
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2003-03-27
Category : Science
Total pages :718
GET BOOK

This book covers the fundamentals of conventional transmission electron microscopy (CTEM) as applied to crystalline solids. In addition to including a large selection of worked examples and homework problems, the volume is accompanied by a supplementary website (http://ctem.web.cmu.edu/) containing interactive modules and over 30,000 lines of free Fortran 90 source code. The work is based on a lecture course given by Marc De Graef in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University.

True Genius

True Genius
Author : Vicki Daitch,Lillian Hoddeson
Publisher : Joseph Henry Press
Release Date : 2002-10-28
Category : Science
Total pages :488
GET BOOK

What is genius? Define it. Now think of scientists who embody the concept of genius. Does the name John Bardeen spring to mind? Indeed, have you ever heard of him? Like so much in modern life, immediate name recognition often rests on a cult of personality. We know Einstein, for example, not just for his tremendous contributions to science, but also because he was a character, who loved to mug for the camera. And our continuing fascination with Richard Feynman is not exclusively based on his body of work; it is in large measure tied to his flamboyant nature and offbeat sense of humor. These men, and their outsize personalities, have come to erroneously symbolize the true nature of genius and creativity. We picture them born brilliant, instantly larger than life. But is that an accurate picture of genius? What of others who are equal in stature to these icons of science, but whom history has awarded only a nod because they did not readily engage the public? Could a person qualify as a bona fide genius if he was a regular Joe? The answer may rest in the story of John Bardeen. John Bardeen was the first person to have been awarded two Nobel Prizes in the same field. He shared one with William Shockley and Walter Brattain for the invention of the transistor. But it was the charismatic Shockley who garnered all the attention, primarily for his Hollywood ways and notorious views on race and intelligence. Bardeen's second Nobel Prize was awarded for the development of a theory of superconductivity, a feat that had eluded the best efforts of leading theorists -- including Albert Einstein, Neils Bohr, Werner Heisenberg, and Richard Feynman. Arguably, Bardeen's work changed the world in more ways than that of any other scientific genius of his time. Yet while every school child knows of Einstein, few people have heard of John Bardeen. Why is this the case? Perhaps because Bardeen differs radically from the popular stereotype of genius. He was a modest, mumbling Midwesterner, an ordinary person who worked hard and had a knack for physics and mathematics. He liked to picnic with his family, collaborate quietly with colleagues, or play a round of golf. None of that was newsworthy, so the media, and consequently the public, ignored him. John Bardeen simply fits a new profile of genius. Through an exploration of his science as well as his life, a fresh and thoroughly engaging portrait of genius and the nature of creativity emerges. This perspective will have readers looking anew at what it truly means to be a genius.

Modern Physics, Loose-Leaf

Modern Physics, Loose-Leaf
Author : Kenneth S. Krane
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-06-18
Category : Science
Total pages :592
GET BOOK

One of the field’s most respected introductory texts, Modern Physics provides a deep exploration of fundamental theory and experimentation. Appropriate for second-year undergraduate science and engineering students, this esteemed text presents a comprehensive introduction to the concepts and methods that form the basis of modern physics, including examinations of relativity, quantum physics, statistical physics, nuclear physics, high energy physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. A balanced pedagogical approach examines major concepts first from a historical perspective, then through a modern lens using relevant experimental evidence and discussion of recent developments in the field. The emphasis on the interrelationship of principles and methods provides continuity, creating an accessible “storyline” for students to follow. Extensive pedagogical tools aid in comprehension, encouraging students to think critically and strengthen their ability to apply conceptual knowledge to practical applications. Numerous exercises and worked examples reinforce fundamental principles.

High-Resolution Imaging and Spectrometry of Materials

High-Resolution Imaging and Spectrometry of Materials
Author : Frank Ernst
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2003-01-31
Category : Science
Total pages :440
GET BOOK

This book gives a survey of and systematic introduction to high-resolution electron microscopy. The method is carefully discussed, the latest developments are reported, and the application to surface and interface analysis and to the study of hidden structures is presented. The book arises from research carried out at one of the world's leading centers of electron microscopy. It will appeal to researchers and advanced students.

Thermal Biophysics of Membranes

Thermal Biophysics of Membranes
Author : Thomas Heimburg
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2008-02-08
Category : Science
Total pages :378
GET BOOK

An overview of recent experimental and theoretical developments in the field of the physics of membranes, including new insights from the past decade. The author uses classical thermal physics and physical chemistry to explain our current understanding of the membrane. He looks at domain and 'raft' formation, and discusses it in the context of thermal fluctuations that express themselves in heat capacity and elastic constants. Further topics are lipid-protein interactions, protein binding, and the effect of sterols and anesthetics. Many seemingly unrelated properties of membranes are shown to be intimately intertwined, leading for instance to a coupling between membrane state, domain formation and vesicular shape. This also applies to non-equilibrium phenomena like the propagation of density pulses during nerve activity. Also included is a discussion of the application of computer simulations on membranes. For both students and researchers of biophysics, biochemistry, physical chemistry, and soft matter physics.

Surface and Thin Film Analysis

Surface and Thin Film Analysis
Author : Gernot Friedbacher,Henning Bubert
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-03-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :558
GET BOOK

Surveying and comparing all techniques relevant for practical applications in surface and thin film analysis, this second edition of a bestseller is a vital guide to this hot topic in nano- and surface technology. This new book has been revised and updated and is divided into four parts - electron, ion, and photon detection, as well as scanning probe microscopy. New chapters have been added to cover such techniques as SNOM, FIM, atom probe (AP),and sum frequency generation (SFG). Appendices with a summary and comparison of techniques and a list of equipment suppliers make this book a rapid reference for materials scientists, analytical chemists, and those working in the biotechnological industry. From a Review of the First Edition (edited by Bubert and Jenett) "... a useful resource..." (Journal of the American Chemical Society)

Electron Diffraction Techniques

Electron Diffraction Techniques
Author : John Maxwell Cowley
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 1992
Category : Science
Total pages :423
GET BOOK

Designed for all those embarking on research which involves electron diffraction methods in physics, chemistry and geology, this volume contains information on EM imaging and diffraction contrast, disorder and defect scattering, electronic diffraction effects and identification of unknowns.

Aperiodic Crystals

Aperiodic Crystals
Author : Siegbert Schmid,Ray L. Withers,Ron Lifshitz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-04-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :286
GET BOOK

Aperiodic Crystals collects 37 selected papers from the scientific contributions presented at Aperiodic 2012 - the Seventh International Conference on Aperiodic Crystalsheld held in Cairns, Australia, 2-7 of September 2012. The volume discusses state-of-the-art discoveries, new trends and applications of aperiodic crystals - including incommensurately modulated crystals, composite crystals, and quasicrystals - from a wide range of different perspectives. Starting with a general historical introduction to aperiodic crystals, the book proceeds to examine the complex mathematics of aperiodic long-range order, as well as the theoretical approaches aimed at understanding some of the unique properties and mechanisms underlying the existence of aperiodic crystals. The book then explores in detail such topics as complex metallic alloys, modulated structures, quasicrystals and their approximants, dynamics, disorder and defects in quasicrystals. It concludes with an analysis of quasicrystal surfaces and their properties. By describing the latest research and the progress made on the structure determination of aperiodic crystals and the influence of this unique structure on their physical properties, this book represents a valuable resource to mathematicians, crystallographers, physicists, chemists, materials and surface scientists, and even architects and artists, interested in the fascinating nature of aperiodic crystals.

Powder Diffraction

Powder Diffraction
Author : Anonim
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release Date : 1995
Category :
Total pages :129
GET BOOK