April 13, 2021

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Urban Energy Transition

Urban Energy Transition
Author : Peter Droege
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-09-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :664
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This compendium of 29 chapters from 18 countries contains both fundamental and advanced insight into the inevitable shift from cities dominated by the fossil-fuel systems of the industrial age to a renewable-energy based urban development framework. The cross-disciplinary handbook covers a range of diverse yet relevant topics, including: carbon emissions policy and practice; the role of embodied energy; urban thermal performance planning; building efficiency services; energy poverty alleviation efforts; renewable community support networks; aspects of household level bio-fuel markets; urban renewable energy legislation, programs and incentives; innovations in individual transport systems; global urban mobility trends; implications of intelligent energy networks and distributed energy supply and storage; and the case for new regional monetary systems and lifestyles. Presented are practical and principled aspects of technology, economics, design, culture and society, presenting perspectives that are both local and international in scope and relevance.

Urban Energy Transition in China: Insights from Trends, Socioeconomic Drivers, and Environmental Impacts of Beijing

Urban Energy Transition in China: Insights from Trends, Socioeconomic Drivers, and Environmental Impacts of Beijing
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category :
Total pages :129
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Abstract: The coal-dominated energy structure has not only fueled China's rapid economic development, but also brought great pressure on China. Promoting energy transition is among the great challenges for China. As one of the most developed megacities in China, Beijing promotes energy transition intensively. In this study, we explored the trends, socioeconomic drivers and environmental impacts of the energy transition process in Beijing during the decades. We found that Beijing's energy transition has gone through four typical stages. After a parallel growth between the economy and coal-dominated energy consumption at beginning, the growth rate of energy consumption has gradually slowed down since 1996. Between 2000 and 2007, the energy structure became relatively balanced and diversified, driven by the changes of energy intensity, energy structure, and final demand composition, along with the economic structure's shift from heavy manufacturing to service. Thereafter, economic development was seriously decoupled from direct energy consumption, and the de-coal trend had made remarkable achievements. SO2 and NOx emissions have declined significantly since 2007. Diversified energy structure based on the de-coal trend, cleaner energy, and economic restructuring promotes energy transition. Meanwhile the feasibility of implementation also should be considered in other cities' energy transition process in China. Highlights: Beijing has gone through four typical energy transition stages. Energy flow charts clearly showed the de-coal trend. Energy intensity, energy structure and final demand composition changes were key drivers. Environmental benefits of the energy transition process were obvious.

Urban Energy Transition and Technology Adoption

Urban Energy Transition and Technology Adoption
Author : Zenebe Gebreegziabher
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2021
Category :
Total pages :129
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The Urban Household Energy Transition

The Urban Household Energy Transition
Author : Douglas F. Barnes,Kerry Krutilla,William F. Hyde
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2010-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :156
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As cities in developing countries grow and become more prosperous, energy use shifts from fuelwood to fuels like charcoal, kerosene, and coal, and, ultimately, to fuels such as liquid petroleum gas, and electricity. Energy use is not usually considered as a social issue. Yet, as this book demonstrates, the movement away from traditional fuels has a strong socio-economic dimension, as poor people are the last to attain the benefits of using modern energy. The result is that health risks from the continued use of wood fuel fall most heavily on the poor, and indoor pollution from wood stoves has its greatest effect on women and children who cook and spend much more of their time indoors. Barnes, Krutilla, and Hyde provide the first worldwide assessment of the energy transition as it occurs in urban households, drawing upon data collected by the World Bank Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP). From 1984-2000, the program conducted over 25,000 household energy surveys in 45 cities spanning 12 countries and 3 continents. Additionally, GIS mapping software was used to compile a biomass database of vegetation patterns surrounding 34 cities. Using this rich set of geographic, biological, and socioeconomic data, the authors describe problems and policy options associated with each stage in the energy transition. The authors show how the poorest are most vulnerable to changes in energy markets and demonstrate how the collection of biomass fuel contributes to deforestation. Their book serves as an important contribution to development studies, and as a guide for policymakers hoping to encourage sustainable energy markets and an improved quality of life for growing urban populations.

Urban Energy Landscapes

Urban Energy Landscapes
Author : Vanesa Castán Broto
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2019-04-30
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :260
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Research volume on urban energy transition that will have wide interdisciplinary appeal to researchers in energy, urban and environmental studies.

Urban Energy Systems for Low-Carbon Cities

Urban Energy Systems for Low-Carbon Cities
Author : Ursula Eicker
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-11-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :473
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With an increase of global energy demand arising in urban settlements, the key challenges for the urban energy transition include analysis of energy efficiency options and the potential of renewable energy systems within the existing building stock, making cities a key actor in the transition success. In Urban Energy Systems for Low Carbon Cities, indicators to evaluate urban energy performance are introduced and the status quo of monitoring and efficiency valuation schemes are discussed. The book discusses advances on the state-of-the-art of research in a number of key areas: Energy demand and consumption mapping and monitoring Optimization of design and operation of urban supply and distribution systems Integration of renewable energy and urban energy network models Demand side management strategies to better match renewable supply and demand and increase flexibilities With innovative modelling methods this book gives a real bottom-up modelling approach used for the simulation of energy consumption, energy conversion systems and distribution networks using engineering methods. Provides support and guidance on the energy transition issues relating to energy demand, consumption mapping and monitoring Includes examples from case study cities, including Vienna, Geneva, New York and Stuttgart Analyzes the potential of energy management strategies in urban areas

Energy Transitions, Ownership, and the City

Energy Transitions, Ownership, and the City
Author : Sören Becker
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category :
Total pages :129
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While the German energy transition, Energiewende, is often portrayed as a rural phenomenon, it is widely recognised that the reconfiguration of urban energy systems is a key strategy of climate change mitigation. Thus, there has been a politics revolving about issues how to readjust these systems both technologically and organisationally. In many German cities, debates about to which end urban energy grids should be run, resulted in conflicts about deprivatising urban energy systems - either through state or cooperative ownership. This dissertation project focusses on the cities of Berlin and Hamburg both of which have experienced major conflicts about the future of the city's energy grid and provision. Beyond claims for public ownership in both cities, social movements active in these processes stipulated a reorientation of energy provision towards ecological sustainability and social justice. Resulting from these, the city of Hamburg witnessed the formation of a green municipal energy supplier in 2009 and a successful referendum on transferring the energy grids into local public ownership in 2013 - while, in Berlin, a similar referendum was not successful in the same year. Based on the empirical analysis of these processes, this PhD project seeks to 1) to describe changes in the actor landscape and urban energy governance; 2) to enlighten the complex institutional politics around urban infrastructure transitions, and (3) to grasp the socio-material nexus in processes of public infrastructure appropriation. (Quelle: leibniz-irs.de)

The Hierarchy and Transition of China's Urban Energy Efficiency

The Hierarchy and Transition of China's Urban Energy Efficiency
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2016
Category :
Total pages :129
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Abstract: Urban energy efficiency has attracted lots of interests by city governors and researchers. Each city planner eagers to find effective ways to make city cleaner and more energy-efficient. The general approach of self-development is to learn from a model city or benchmark city. Thus, researchers are faced with the challenges of providing methods to identify such benchmark cities and paths to make improvement. This paper focused on urban energy efficiency hierarchy identification and level transition analysis by suggesting a novel application of multi-level frontiers DEA technique, using 49 China's environmental protection model cities data as example. Considering undesirable outputs such as PM2.5 and SO2, this paper evaluates urban energy efficiency first. Accordingly, a four-grade city energy efficiency structure can be recognized. The outcome of multi-level frontiers DEA analysis has also uncovered energy efficiency improvement chain of each city in different hierarchy. By constructing a set of four Ordered Probit Models at the end, this paper indicates that such hierarchy attributes to several influential factors such as population and energy technology. Through the analysis of this paper, the detection of rich details of underlying urban energy efficiency would be the basal step toward energy-efficient city research. Moreover, this framework for efficiency hierarchy and transition analysis or its extension can be applied to other data sets or other efficiency research in future.

Cities and Low Carbon Transitions

Cities and Low Carbon Transitions
Author : Harriet Bulkeley,Vanesa Castán Broto,Mike Hodson,Simon Marvin
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2010-12-14
Category : Architecture
Total pages :208
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Current societies face unprecedented risks and challenges connected to climate change. Addressing them will require fundamental transformations in the infrastructures that sustain everyday life, such as energy, water, waste and mobility. A transition to a ‘low carbon’ future implies a large scale reorganisation in the way societies produce and use energy. Cities are critical in this transition because they concentrate social and economic activities that produce climate change related emissions. At the same time, cities are increasingly recognised as sources of opportunities for climate change mitigation. Whether, how and why low carbon transitions in urban systems take place in response to climate change will therefore be decisive for the success of global mitigation efforts. As a result, climate change increasingly features as a critical issue in the management of urban infrastructure and in urbanisation policies. Cities and Low Carbon Transitions presents a ground-breaking analysis of the role of cities in low carbon socio-technical transitions. Insights from the fields of urban studies and technological transitions are combined to examine how, why and with what implications cities bring about low carbon transitions. The book outlines the key concepts underpinning theories of socio-technical transition and assesses its potential strengths and limits for understanding the social and technological responses to climate change that are emerging in cities. It draws on a diverse range of examples including world cities, ordinary cities and transition towns, from North America, Europe, South Africa and China, to provide evidence that expectations, aspirations and plans to undertake purposive socio-technical transitions are emerging in different urban contexts. This collection adds to existing literature on cities and energy transitions and introduces critical questions about power and social interests, lock-in and development trajectories, social equity and economic development, and socio-technical change in cities. The book addresses academics, policy makers, practitioners and researchers interested in the development of systemic responses in cities to curb climate change.

The Role of Public Participation in Energy Transitions

The Role of Public Participation in Energy Transitions
Author : Ortwin Renn,Frank Ulmer,Anna Deckert
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-04
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :224
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The Role of Public Participation in Energy Transitions provides a conceptual and empirical approach to stakeholder and citizen involvement in the ongoing energy transition conversation, focusing on projects surrounding energy conversion and efficiency, reducing energy demand, and using new forms of renewable energy sources. Sections review and contrast different approaches to citizen involvement, discuss the challenges of inclusive participation in complex energy policymaking, and provide conceptual foundations for the empirical case studies that constitute the second part of the book. The book is a valuable resource for academics in the field of energy planning and policymaking, as well as practitioners in energy governance, energy and urban planners and participation specialists.

Energy Technology Perspectives 2016

Energy Technology Perspectives 2016
Author : International Energy Agency
Publisher : Energy Technology Perspectives
Release Date : 2016-06-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :418
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The agreement reached at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris could prove to be a historic turning point for reversing the currently unsustainable trends in the global energy system, provided that this heightened low-carbon ambition is translated into fast, radical and effective policy action. Even in the context of low fossil fuel prices, policy support for low-carbon technologies should mobilise all levers available to accelerate research, development, demonstration and deployment (RDD & D) to make decarbonisation the preferred development path. Chief among such levers is governments support for urban energy transitions, a conclusion that is supported by the analysis of Energy Technology Perspectives 2016 (ETP 2016), which shows the vast number and size of cost-effective, sustainable energy opportunities available in cities. Realising this potential, and the multiple non-climate benefits it presents, will require national and local governments to work together effectively

Energizing Sustainable Cities

Energizing Sustainable Cities
Author : Arnulf Grubler,David Fisk
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2013
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :213
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The book is the result of a major international effort to conduct the first comprehensive assessment of energy-related urban sustainability issues conducted under the auspices of the Global Energy Assessment (GEA).

Urban Retrofitting for Sustainability

Urban Retrofitting for Sustainability
Author : Tim Dixon,Malcolm Eames,Miriam Hunt,Simon Lannon
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2014-01-21
Category : Architecture
Total pages :304
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With a foreword from Paul King, Chief Executive, UK Green Building Council and Chairman, Zero Carbon Hub As concerns over climate change and resource constraints grow, many cities across the world are trying to achieve a low carbon transition. Although new zero carbon buildings are an important part of the story, in existing cities the transformation of the current building stock and urban infrastructure must inevitably form the main focus for transitioning to a low carbon and sustainable future by 2050. Urban Retrofitting for Sustainability brings together interdisciplinary research contributions from leading international experts to focus on key issues such as systems innovation, financing tools, governance, energy, and water management. The chapters consider not only the knowledge and technical tools available, but looks forward to how they can be implemented in real cities by 2050.

Energy Use in Cities

Energy Use in Cities
Author : Stephanie Pincetl,Hannah Gustafson,Felicia Federico,Eric Daniel Fournier,Robert Cudd,Erik Porse
Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
Release Date : 2020-12-05
Category : Political Science
Total pages :180
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In an era of big data and smart cities, this book is an innovative and creative contribution to our understanding of urban energy use. Societies have basic data needs to develop an understanding of energy flows for planning energy sustainability. However, this data is often either not utilized or not available. Using California as an example, the book provides a roadmap for using data to reduce urban greenhouse gas emissions by targeting programs and initiatives that will successfully and parsimoniously improve building performance while taking into account issues of energy affordability. This first of its kind methodology maps high-detail building energy use to understand patterns of consumption across buildings, neighborhoods, and socioeconomic divisions in megacities. The book then details the steps required to replicate this methodology elsewhere, and shows the importance of openly-accessible building energy data for transitioning cities to meet the climate planning goals of the twenty-first century. It also explains why actual data, not modeled or sampled, is critical for accurate analysis and insights. Finally, it acknowledges the complex institutional context for this work and some of the obstacles – utility reluctance, public agency oversight, funding and path dependencies. This book will be of great value to scholars across the environmental sectors, but especially to those studying sustainable urban energy as well as practitioners and policy makers in these areas.

Rural Energy Planning

Rural Energy Planning
Author : K. V. Ramani,Amulya K. N. Reddy,M. Nurul Islam
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1995
Category : Energy development
Total pages :590
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