January 28, 2021

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Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism
Author : John Stuart Mill
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1867
Category : Utilitarianism
Total pages :120
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Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism
Author : J. J. C. Smart,Bernard Williams
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1973
Category : Philosophy
Total pages :155
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Two essays on utilitarianism, written from opposite points of view, by J. J. C. Smart and Bernard Williams. In the first part of the book Professor Smart advocates a modern and sophisticated version of classical utilitarianism; he tries to formulate a consistent and persuasive elaboration of the doctrine that the rightness and wrongness of actions is determined solely by their consequences, and in particular their consequences for the sum total of human happiness. In Part II Bernard Williams offers a sustained and vigorous critique of utilitarian assumptions, arguments and ideals. He finds inadequate the theory of action implied by utilitarianism, and he argues that utilitarianism fails to engage at a serious level with the real problems of moral and political philosophy, and fails to make sense of notions such as integrity, or even human happiness itself. This book should be of interest to welfare economists, political scientists and decision-theorists.

Mill's Utilitarianism

Mill's Utilitarianism
Author : David Lyons
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date : 1997
Category : Philosophy
Total pages :193
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John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism continues to serve as a rich source of moral and theoretical insight. This collection of articles by top scholars offers fresh interpretations of Mill's ideas about happiness, moral obligation, justice, and rights. Applying contemporary philosophical insights, the articles challenge the conventional readings of Mill, and, in the process, contribute to a deeper understanding of utilitarian theory as well as the complexity of moral life. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism
Author : John Stuart Mill
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1988
Category : Utilitarianism
Total pages :63
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Mill's Utilitarianism is one of the most important, controversial, and suggestive works of moral philosophy ever written. Mill defends the view that all human action should produce the greatest happiness overall, and that happiness itself is to be understood as consisting in "higher" and"lower" pleasures. This volume uses the 1871 edition of the text, the last to be published in Mill's lifetime.

Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism
Author : Geoffrey Scarre
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2020-09-24
Category : Philosophy
Total pages :240
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Surveying the historical development and the present condition of utilitarian ethics, Geoffrey Scarre examines the major philosophers from Lao Tzu in the fifth century BC to Richard Hare in the twentieth. Utilitarianism traces the 'doctrine of utility' from the moralists of the ancient world, through the Enlightenment and Victorian utilitarianism up to the lively debate of the present day. Utilitarianism today faces challenges on several fronts: it cannot warrant the drawing of adequate protective boundaries around the essential interests of individuals, and it does not allow them the space to pursue the personal concerns which give meaning to their lives. Geoffrey Scarre considers these and other charges, and concludes that whilst utilitarianism may not be a faultless moral doctrine, its positions are relevant, and significant today. Written with undergraduates in mind, this is an ideal course book for those studying and those teaching moral philosophy.

Utilitarianism, Institutions, and Justice

Utilitarianism, Institutions, and Justice
Author : James Wood Bailey
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 1997-09-04
Category : Political Science
Total pages :224
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This compelling book advances utilitarianism as the basis for a viable public philosophy, effectively rebutting the common charge that, as moral doctrine, utilitarian thought permits cruel acts, justifies unfair distribution of wealth, and demands too much of moral agents. James Wood Bailey defends utilitarianism through novel use of game theory insights regarding feasible equilibria and evolutionary stability, elaborating a sophisticated account of institutions that real-world utilitarians would want to foster. If utilitarianism seems in principle to dictate that we make each and every choice such that it leads to the best consequences overall, game theory emphasizes that no choice has consequences in isolation, but only in conjunction with many other choices of other agents. Viewing institutions as equilibria in complex games, Bailey negotiates the paradox of individual responsibilities, arguing that if individuals within institutions have specific responsibilities they cannot get from the principle of utility alone, the utility principle nevertheless holds great value in that it allows us to identify morally desirable institutions. Far from recommending cruel acts, utilitarianism, understood this way, actually runs congruent to our basic moral intuitions. A provocative attempt to support the practical use of utilitarian ethics in a world of conflicting interests and competing moral agents, Bailey's book employs the work of social scientists to tackle problems traditionally given abstract philosophical attention. Vividly illustrating its theory with concrete moral dilemmas and taking seriously our moral common sense, Utilitarianism, Institutions, and Justice is an accessible, groundbreaking work that will richly reward students and scholars of political science, political economy, and philosophy.

Liberal Utilitarianism

Liberal Utilitarianism
Author : Jonathan Riley,Associate Professor Murphy Institute Jonathan Riley,Tim Riley
Publisher : CUP Archive
Release Date : 1988-04-07
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :398
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This is a book about liberal democratic values and their implications for the design of political institutions. Its distinctive feature is the use of some simple mathematical techniques (known as social choice theory) to clarify and defend a rather complex utilitarian conception of the liberal democratic 'way of life' based on John Stuart Mill's work. More specifically, the text focuses on three well-known 'social choice paradoxes' which are commonly held to destroy any possibility of an ideal harmony among liberal democratic values; and draws upon suggestions implicit in Mill's writings to develop an ethically appealing liberal democratic social choice framework in which the aforementioned paradoxes no longer cause concern. The revised framework is a rather complex version of utilitarianism and should be of special interest to welfare economists, social choice theorists, democratic political theorists and philosophers concerned with utilitarian ethics.

Morality, Utilitarianism, and Rights

Morality, Utilitarianism, and Rights
Author : Richard B. Brandt,Richard Booker Brandt
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1992-06-26
Category : Philosophy
Total pages :393
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Written by one of the most eminent and influential of contemporary moral philosophers, the essays reprinted in this collection span a period of almost 30 years and include many classic pieces in metaethical and normative ethical theory.

Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism

Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism
Author : David Lyons
Publisher : Oxford : Clarendon Press
Release Date : 1965
Category : Utilitarianism
Total pages :225
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Utilitarianism (Second Edition)

Utilitarianism (Second Edition)
Author : John Stuart Mill,George Sher
Publisher : Hackett Publishing
Release Date : 2002-03-08
Category : Philosophy
Total pages :88
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This expanded edition of John Stuart Mill’s Utilitarianism includes the text of his 1868 speech to the British House of Commons defending the use of capital punishment in cases of aggravated murder. The speech is significant both because its topic remains timely and because its arguments illustrate the applicability of the principle of utility to questions of large-scale social policy.

Utilitarianism (功利主義)

Utilitarianism (功利主義)
Author : John Stuart Mill
Publisher : Hyweb Technology Co. Ltd.
Release Date : 2011-10-15
Category : Foreign Language Study
Total pages :8
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Studies in Utilitarianism

Studies in Utilitarianism
Author : Thomas K. Hearn
Publisher : Ardent Media
Release Date : 1971-05
Category : Utilitarianism
Total pages :269
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The Cambridge Companion to Utilitarianism

The Cambridge Companion to Utilitarianism
Author : Ben Eggleston,Dale E. Miller
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2014-01-30
Category : History
Total pages :387
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This book offers a comprehensive overview of one of the most important and frequently discussed accounts of morality. It will be an important resource for all those studying moral philosophy, political philosophy, political theory and history of ideas.

Understanding Utilitarianism

Understanding Utilitarianism
Author : Tim Mulgan
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2014-12-05
Category : History
Total pages :200
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Utilitarianism - a philosophy based on the principle of the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people - has been hugely influential over the past two centuries. Beyond ethics or morality, utilitarian assumptions and arguments abound in modern economic and political life, especially in public policy. An understanding of utilitarianism is indeed essential to any understanding of contemporary society. "Understanding Utilitarianism" presents utilitarianism very much as a living tradition. The book begins with a summary of the classical utilitarianism of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Subsequent chapters trace the development of the central themes of utilitarian thought over the twentieth century, covering such questions as: What is happiness? Is happiness the only valuable thing? Is utilitarianism about acts or rules or institutions? Is utilitarianism unjust, or implausibly demanding, or impractical? and Where might utilitarianism go in the future?

Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics

Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics
Author : Matti Hayry
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2013-01-11
Category : Philosophy
Total pages :224
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Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics explores the foundations of early utilitarianism and, at the same time, the theoretical bases of social ethics and policy in modern Western welfare states. Matti Hayry sees the main reason for utilitarianism's growing disrepute among moral philosophers is that its principles cannot legitimately be extended to situations where the basic needs of the individuals involved are in conflict. He is able to formulate a solution to this fundamental problem by arguing convincingly that by combining a limited version of liberal utilitarianism and the methods of applied ethics, we are able to define our moral duties and rights. Liberal Utilitarianism and Applied Ethics will appeal to students and teachers of philosophy who are interested in the doctrine of utilitarianism or in ethical decison-making.