November 29, 2020

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Voids in Materials

Voids in Materials
Author : Gary M. Gladysz,Krishan K. Chawla
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2014-09-09
Category : Science
Total pages :214
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Voids in Materials treats voids of different shapes and forms in various materials, and examines their effects on material properties. The book covers the origins of voids in materials, how they are sometimes introduced in the form of hollow spheres, and the resultant properties of materials containing voids. There are many books that focus on foams (which intentionally incorporate voids into materials) and that cover voids incidental to or unwanted in the fabrication of non-porous materials. In fact, all materials have voids. This book starts from the premise that voids are pervasive in all material on some level. It goes beyond foams to provide a comprehensive overview of voids, a central reference for scientists and engineers to use for the effect of voids in materials. Includes 3D renderings of void geometries Explains how and why voids are introduced into materials across the length scales; from nanometer-scale voids up to macro-scale voids Provides a continuous picture of how material properties change as the volume fraction of voids increases, and the implications for product design

Voids in Materials

Voids in Materials
Author : Gary M. Gladysz,Krishan K. Chawla
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-10-01
Category : Science
Total pages :412
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Voids in Materials: From Unavoidable Defects to Designed Cellular Materials, Second Edition provides a central reference for discussion of voids in materials, covering all types of voids—intrinsic and intentional, and stochastic and non-stochastic—and the processes and conditions that are needed to create them. The book offers an extensive review of current applications and proposes future directions for using voids to impart functionality. The voids (or empty spaces in materials) are defined, categorized, and characterized, including the effects they have on material properties, and designed or unavoidable defects. Ultimately, voids are viewed as a material design parameter that can be incorporated into materials on multiple length scales for the design of multifunctional material. All materials have voids in them, at some scale. Sometimes the voids are ignored, sometimes they are taken into account, and other times they are the focal point of the research. Covers the effect of voids in materials, from low volume fraction defects to very high-volume fraction foams Explains how and why voids are introduced into materials across multiple length scales Discusses the smallest scale in which voids are mostly unavoidable Presents voids across the volume fraction scale Provides a continuous and clear picture of how material properties change as the volume fraction of void goes from 1% up to 99% Outlines the implications of voids at different length scales and volume fraction content Explains the Impact of designed and unwanted voids on current mega trends

Method for Measuring Voids in Porous Materials

Method for Measuring Voids in Porous Materials
Author : John D. Sullivan,G. L. Oldright,W. E. Keck
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1930
Category : Porous materials
Total pages :8
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Thermoelastic Models of Continua

Thermoelastic Models of Continua
Author : Dorin Iesan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2004-11-02
Category : Science
Total pages :298
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This volume is concerned with the basic problems of the theory of thermoelasticity for three models of continuous bodies: materials with voids, micropolar solids and nonsimple bodies. Beginning with the basic laws of thermodynamics, the theory of thermoelastic materials with voids is treated. Two subsequent chapters cover the analysis of the linear theory of micropolar thermoelastic bodies. The book concludes with a study of nonsimple thermoelastic materials, which are characterised by the inclusion of higher gradients of displacement in the basic postulates. Relevant examples and exercises which illustrate the theory are given throughout the text. The book should be of interest to mathematicians and specialists working in the fields of elasticity, thermoelasticity, civil engineering and geophysics.

Effects of Radiation on Materials

Effects of Radiation on Materials
Author : Nicholas H. Packan
Publisher : ASTM International
Release Date : 1990
Category : Materials
Total pages :824
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Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Composite Materials

Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Composite Materials
Author : Murray L. Scott
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 1997
Category :
Total pages :892
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Pore Structure of Cement-Based Materials

Pore Structure of Cement-Based Materials
Author : Kalliopi K. Aligizaki
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2005-09-22
Category : Science
Total pages :432
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Pore Structure of Cement-Based Materials provides a thorough treatment of the experimental techniques used to characterize the pore structure of materials. The text presents the principles and practical applications of the techniques used, organized in an easy-to-follow and uncomplicated manner, providing the theoretical background, the way to analyze experimental data, and the factors affecting the results. The book is the single comprehensive source of the techniques most commonly used for pore structure analysis, covering simple techniques like mercury intrusion porosimetry and water absorption, to the more sophisticated small-angle scattering and nuclear magnetic resonance. The book is an essential reference text for researchers, users, and students in materials science, applied physics, and civil engineering, who seek a deep understanding of the principles and limitations of the techniques used for pore structure analysis of cement-based materials.

Continuum Scale Simulation of Engineering Materials

Continuum Scale Simulation of Engineering Materials
Author : Dierk Raabe,Franz Roters,Frédéric Barlat,Long-Qing Chen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2004-08-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :885
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This book fills a gap by presenting our current knowledge and understanding of continuum-based concepts behind computational methods used for microstructure and process simulation of engineering materials above the atomic scale. The volume provides an excellent overview on the different methods, comparing the different methods in terms of their respective particular weaknesses and advantages. This trains readers to identify appropriate approaches to the new challenges that emerge every day in this exciting domain. Divided into three main parts, the first is a basic overview covering fundamental key methods in the field of continuum scale materials simulation. The second one then goes on to look at applications of these methods to the prediction of microstructures, dealing with explicit simulation examples, while the third part discusses example applications in the field of process simulation. By presenting a spectrum of different computational approaches to materials, the book aims to initiate the development of corresponding virtual laboratories in the industry in which these methods are exploited. As such, it addresses graduates and undergraduates, lecturers, materials scientists and engineers, physicists, biologists, chemists, mathematicians, and mechanical engineers.

Carbon-carbon Materials and Composites

Carbon-carbon Materials and Composites
Author : John D. Buckley,Danny Dale Edie
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 1993
Category : Computers
Total pages :281
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The purpose of this book is to present data and technology relating to the materials and structures developed for the production of carbon-carbon materials and composites. The text is composed of papers written by noted authors in their areas of expertise relating to the processes and production of these material systems and structures. The subject matter is arranged to lead the reader step by step through the materials processing, fabrication, structural analysis, and applications of typical carbon-carbon products. The information presented in the text is limited to data that can or has been published in the open literature including: fiber technology, matrix material, design of composite structures, manufacturing techniques, engineering mechanics, protective coatings, and structural applications using carbon-carbon materials and structures.

Fracture Mechanics

Fracture Mechanics
Author : Ted L. Anderson,T. L. Anderson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1994-12-16
Category : Science
Total pages :688
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This bestselling text/reference provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of fracture mechanics. It presents theoretical background as well as practical applications, and it integrates materials science with solid mechanics. In the Second Edition, about 30% of the material has been updated and expanded; new technology is discussed, and feedback from users of the first edition has been incorporated.

Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science

Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science
Author : Gary S. Was
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-07-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :827
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This book is an eye-opening treatise on the fundamentals of the effects of radiation on metals and alloys. When energetic particles strike a solid, numerous processes occur that can change the physical and mechanical properties of the material. Metals and alloys represent an important class of materials that are subject to intense radiation fields. Radiation causes metals and alloys to swell, distort, blister, harden, soften and deform. This textbook and reference covers the basics of particle-atom interaction for a range of particle types, the amount and spatial extent of the resulting radiation damage, the physical effects of irradiation and the changes in mechanical behavior of irradiated metals and alloys.

Effects of Radiation on Materials

Effects of Radiation on Materials
Author : Martin L. Grossbeck
Publisher : ASTM International
Release Date : 2004
Category : Electronic book
Total pages :770
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Effects of Radiation on Materials

Effects of Radiation on Materials
Author : H. R. Brager,J. S. Perrin
Publisher : ASTM International
Release Date : 1982
Category : Electronic book
Total pages :1225
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Laser Fabrication and Machining of Materials

Laser Fabrication and Machining of Materials
Author : Narendra B. Dahotre,Sandip Harimkar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-01-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :558
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This book covers the fundamental principles and physical phenomena behind laser-based fabrication and machining processes. It also gives an overview of their existing and potential applications. With laser machining an emerging area in various applications ranging from bulk machining in metal forming to micromachining and microstructuring, this book provides a link between advanced materials and advanced manufacturing techniques. The interdisciplinary approach of this text will help prepare students and researchers for the next generation of manufacturing.

Materials Science with Ion Beams

Materials Science with Ion Beams
Author : Harry Bernas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-10-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :376
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Materials science is the prime example of an interdisciplinary science. It - compasses the ?elds of physics, chemistry, material science, electrical en- neering, chemical engineering and other disciplines. Success has been o- standing. World-class accomplishments in materials have been recognized by NobelprizesinPhysicsandChemistryandgivenrisetoentirelynewtechno- gies. Materials science advances have underpinned the technology revolution that has driven societal changes for the last ?fty years. Obviouslytheendisnotinsight!Futuretechnology-basedproblemsd- inatethecurrentscene.Highonthelistarecontrolandconservationofenergy and environment, water purity and availability, and propagating the inf- mation revolution. All fall in the technology domain. In every case proposed solutions begin with new forms of materials, materials processing or new arti?cial material structures. Scientists seek new forms of photovoltaics with greater e?ciency and lower cost. Water purity may be solved through surface control, which promises new desalination processes at lower energy and lower cost. Revolutionary concepts to extend the information revolution reside in controlling the “spin” of electrons or enabling quantum states as in quantum computing. Ion-beam experts make substantial contributions to all of these burgeoning sciences.