June 17, 2021

Download Ebook Free Water Scarcity And Sustainable Agriculture In Semiarid Environment

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment
Author : Ivan Francisco Garcia Tejero,Victor Hugo Duran Zuazo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-01-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :582
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Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment: Tools, Strategies and Challenges for Woody Crops explores the complex relationship between water scarcity and climate change, agricultural water-use efficiency, crop-water stress management and modeling water scarcity in woody crops. Understanding these cause- and effect relationships and identifying the most appropriate responses are critical for sustainable crop production. The book focuses on Mediterranean environments to explain how to determine the most appropriate strategy and implement an effective plan; however, core concepts are translational to other regions. Informative for those working in agricultural water management, irrigation and drainage, crop physiology and sustainable agriculture. Focuses on semi-arid crops including olive, vine, citrus, almonds, peach, nectarine, plum, subtropical fruits and others Explores crop physiological responses to drought at plant, cellular and/or molecular levels Presents tool options for assessing crop-water status and irrigation scheduling

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment

Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018-05
Category :
Total pages :367
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The availability of adequate freshwater has become a limiting factor of the quality of life, worldwide. More than availability, the problem is often the rational use of water than ensure its continuality. In the semi-arid and arid regions water scarcity was always a dominant problem moreover, the interference with the natural hydrologic cycle as a result of overexploitation of both surface and ground waters and of changes in land usage resulted not only in the reduction of the available water amounts but also in the deterioration of the water quality due to pollution from urban, industrial and agricultural practices and salinity build-up in soil and water. Such a situation is in all cases a pretext for discord and assignment of blame on those supposedly responsible for the deterioration of the water accessibility , especially in view of the possible high cost and technical complexity of the measures that need to be taken for remedying and alleviating the situation.Water Scarcity and Sustainable Agriculture in Semiarid Environment presents insight into the multifaceted relationship between water scarcity and climate change, agricultural water-use effectiveness, and crop-water stress management as for sustainable crop production these cause- and effect relationships and classifying the most apposite responses are vital.Ample evidence exists that improved on-farm water management can close water-related yield gaps to a considerable degree, but its global significance remains unclear. In this book, we investigate systematically to what extent integrated crop water management might contribute to closing the global food gap, constrained by the assumption that pressure on water resources and land does not increase. This book serves as a helpful guide to students, practitioners, researchers, policy makers, and research institutions in agricultural water management, irrigation and drainage, crop physiology, and sustainable agriculture.

Water and Sustainable Agriculture

Water and Sustainable Agriculture
Author : Iván Francisco García-Tejero,Víctor Hugo Durán-Zuazo,José Luis Muriel-Fernández,Carmen Rocío Rodríguez-Pleguezuelo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-08-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :94
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Irrigated agriculture, a vital component of general agriculture, supplies fruits, vegetables, and cereals consumed by humans and grains fed to animals. Consequently, agriculture is the largest user of fresh water globally, and irrigation practices in many parts of the world are biologically, economically, and socially unsustainable. Water management should balance the need for agricultural water and the need for a sustainable environment. Water-use efficiency is the prime challenge in worldwide farming practices where problems of water shortages are widespread. Currently, agriculture is undergoing significant changes in innovative irrigation, fertilizer technology, and agronomic expertise. These elements constitute a vital platform for sustainable agricultural success and for preventing environmental damage. This review presents several processes linked to environmental irrigation, balancing environmental protection with improved agricultural production.

Resources Use Efficiency in Agriculture

Resources Use Efficiency in Agriculture
Author : Sandeep Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2021
Category :
Total pages :129
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Water for Sustainable Agriculture in Developing Regions - More Crop for Every Scarce Drop

Water for Sustainable Agriculture in Developing Regions - More Crop for Every Scarce Drop
Author : Yajima M.
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2002
Category :
Total pages :132
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Global water resources assessment and future projections; Meeting the water for food and environmental security; Evolution and future directions of water use in agriculture; Reducing water stress through ecological approaches and crop characteristics; Development of drought-resistant and water-stress tolerant crops through traditional breeding; Development of drought-resistant and water stress-tolerant crops through biotechnology; Soil water availability and water use efficiency; Technologies for improved soil water use; New water-saving production technologies: advances in trickle irrigation; Improving water availability and use in rainfed systems; Potential for cross-regional interaction in research for improved water management in semi-arid and semi-humid rainfed cropping systems in Asia and Africa; Optimal water management - case study of tank cascade system in Sri Lank; Utilization of water for rainfed agricultural areas in Northeast Thailand; Water management and crop production in semi-arid and arid environments; Crop production and management in semi-arid and arid environments; Rural development project integrated with forestry in the semi-arid area of Senegal.

Water Management in Arid and Semi-arid Regions

Water Management in Arid and Semi-arid Regions
Author : Phoebe Koundouri,Katia Karousakis
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release Date : 2006-01-01
Category : Arid regions
Total pages :288
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Water deficiency in many arid and semi-arid regions in Southern Europe is becoming a major constraint for economic welfare and sustainable regional development. These regions are characterised by high spatial and temporal imbalances of water demand and supply, seasonal water uses, inadequate water resources and poor institutional water management. The aim of this book is to formulate appropriate strategies and guidelines for water management necessary for the formulation and implementation of integrated sustainable management of water resources. Lessons are learned from various case studies, which examine competing water use patterns, compare governance structures and how these have evolved in response to scarcity, and structural and non-structural instruments to address water deficiency. Water Management in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions will appeal to policymakers in relevant countries as well as to scholars and researchers of environmental studies and economics.

Achieving a Sustainable Agricultural System in Sub-Saharan Africa

Achieving a Sustainable Agricultural System in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author : Pierre R. Crosson,Jock R. Anderson
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1995
Category : Sustainable agriculture
Total pages :46
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Balancing Water for Humans and Nature

Balancing Water for Humans and Nature
Author : Johan Rockstrom
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2013-06-17
Category : Law
Total pages :247
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Balancing Water for Humans and Nature, authored by two of the world's leading experts on water management, examines water flows - the 'blood stream' of both nature and society - in terms of the crucial links, balances, conflicts and trade-offs between human and environmental needs. The authors argue that a sustainable future depends fundamentally on our ability to manage these trade-offs and encourage long-term resilience. They advocate an ecohydrological approach to land/water/environmental problems and advance a strong, reasoned argument for viewing precipitation as the gross fresh water resource, ultimately responsible for sustaining all terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem services. This book makes the most coherent and holistic argument to date for a new ecological approach to understanding and managing water resources for the benefit of all. Basing their analysis on per capita needs for an acceptable nutritional diet, the authors analyse predictions of the amounts of water needed for global food production by 2050 and identify potential sources. Drawing on small-scale experiences in Africa and Asia, they also cover the vulnerability of the semi-arid tropics through a simplified model of green and blue water scarcity components.

Selected Papers from the Bellagio Conference on Sustainable Agriculture

Selected Papers from the Bellagio Conference on Sustainable Agriculture
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1999
Category :
Total pages :129
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Water and Sustainability in Arid Regions

Water and Sustainability in Arid Regions
Author : Graciela Schneier-Madanes,Marie-Francoise Courel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-12-01
Category : Science
Total pages :349
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International voices fill the pages of Water and Sustainability in Arid Regions, forming an original scientific exploration of current water research and management issues. In arid regions, agriculture that is ill-adapted to the environment, accelerated urbanization, poverty, and increasing pollution challenge access to and uses of water. Understanding these issues requires incorporating findings from both the physical and social sciences at different temporal and spatial scales. The chapters in this book were written by hydrologists, remote sensing specialists, ecologists, historians, economists, political scientists, architects, archaeologists, and other experts who live in and study arid lands. The authors present updates, overviews, and analyses of water challenges these areas have faced and are striving to address, from salinization in the fabled Taklimakan Desert in China to land degradation in the northern Mediterranean to groundwater over-exploitation in the southwestern United States. The book also examines desertification, remote sensing, qanat systems, architecture, arsenic contamination, and other case studies from Iran, the Maghreb region, Argentina and Chile, and Mexico. From this conceptual mosaic of comparative perspectives and research methods emerges a strong assumption: an interdisciplinary approach that combines physical and social sciences is the first step toward globally and comprehensively addressing water and sustainability."This book is a valuable and welcome contribution to the discussion of water and sustainable development. Through the collection of chapters, the book clearly illustrates the contemporary diversity of approaches to water scarcity and presents pertinent and new research findings that readers generally do not find compiled together. The result is a highly relevant, accessible, and timely resource that is unique in its international and interdisciplinary content. This is a must-read for anyone working on environmental and sustainability issues in arid lands."André Mariotti, University Pierre et Marie Curie, and INSU - CNRS (National Institute for Earth Sciences and Astronomy-National Center for Scientific Research/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), France "Anyone who reads this book will find himself or herself contemplating the need to rethink how we approach the issue of water and sustainability in arid lands. Drawing on the expertise of both physical and social scientists, the chapters taken as a whole present global, historic, and current perspectives on water scarcity in a multi-layered way that rarely has been done before." Miguel Solanes, Madrid Water Institute, Spain

Review and Assessment of Available Indicators for Evaluating Sustainable Land Management

Review and Assessment of Available Indicators for Evaluating Sustainable Land Management
Author : Peter Neave,Center for Land and Biological Resources Research (Canada),Canada. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Research Branch
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1995
Category : Economic indicators
Total pages :29
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The need to determine whether current land management practices and agricultural systems are environmentally and economically sustainable has led to the development of a framework for assessment of sustainable land management (SLM). Indicators of SLM can be grouped into four categories: physical, agronomic, economic, and social. This report reviews some indicators of SLM and assesses selected indicators using 1991 Census of Agriculture data. The indicators were selected on the basis of criteria from the literature as well as availability of data. Examples of indicators having the potential for use in SLM are cropping intensity, nutrient budgets, yield variability, windbreak density, crop influence on soil quality, summerfallow trends, gross margin with and without government subsidies, and debt load.

Sustainable Agriculture in Drought Prone Regions

Sustainable Agriculture in Drought Prone Regions
Author : K. Dasaratharamaiah
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2007
Category : Crops and climate
Total pages :381
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The Book Sustainable Agriculture In Drought Prone Regions Consists Of 50 Selected Research Papers Prepared In Honour Of Professor N. Narayana (Professor Of Economics, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh) Focusing Its Attention On Theoretical And Empirical Findings On Different Aspects Of Agricultural Development And Its Sustainability In India In General And Drought Prone Areas In Particular In Andhra Pradesh State. The Book Is Divided In To Five Parts. Part-I Deals With The Agricultural Situation In India Especially Rainfed Agriculture In Drought Prone Regions And Main Challenges That Agricultural Sector Is Facing In The Context Of Economic Reforms And Globalisation. Part-Ii Of The Book Covers Papers On Sustainable Agricultural Development And The Issues And Problems Involved In Maintaining Stable Agricultural Growth. Papers In Part-Iii Analyse The Role Of Irrigation, Water Management And Land Utilisation In Sustaining Agriculture In Rayalaseema-A Drought Prone Region In Andhra Pradesh. Issues Of Institutional Credit To Agriculture, Agricultural Insurance, Marketing Of Agricultural Produce And The Effects Of Globalisation On Prices Of Agricultural Products Etc Are Thoroughly Discussed In Part- Iv. The Papers In The Last Part Of The Book Analyse The Causes For Crisis In Indian Agriculture And Farmers Distress With Particular Reference To Farmers Suicides In Drought Prone Regions; Rural-Urban Labour Migration; And Policy Measures Needed To Sustain Agricultural Development. The Book Contains Thought Provoking Papers With High Relevance To The Current Agricultural Situation In India Particularly In Drought Prone Regions. The Book Will Be Useful To The Students And Teachers In Social Sciences In General And Agricultural Economics In Particular, Researchers In Academic And Research Institutions, Government Departments And Non-Governmental Organisations Involved In The Programmes Of Agriculture And Rural Development.

Arid Environments and Sustainability

Arid Environments and Sustainability
Author : Hasan Arman,Ibrahim Yuksel
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-05-23
Category : Science
Total pages :118
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Arid environments are basically associated with water scarcity. Therefore, soils will have an extremely low moisture level to support plant and animal life as well as human social life. Sustainability is the long durability of systems and processes within various adapted environmental conditions. Recently, systematic scientific studies on arid environments and sustainability have become more attractive, critical, and sound than the previous years. Sharing such experiences related to different environmental circumstances will absolutely help scientists and decision-makers to have better interpretation of their own environment. By learning lessons, appropriate, fast, and effective approaches require to implement for overwhelming such problems. Such actions will certainly lead to more secure and sustainable environments for plant, animal, and human life.

The International Permaculture Species Yearbook

The International Permaculture Species Yearbook
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1986
Category : Frozen ground
Total pages :129
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Climate Change Research Progress

Climate Change Research Progress
Author : Lawrence N. Peretz
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release Date : 2008
Category : Nature
Total pages :346
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Climate change refers to the variation in the Earth's global climate or in regional climates over time. It describes changes in the variability or average state of the atmosphere over time scales ranging from decades to millions of years. These changes can be caused by processes internal to the Earth, external forces (e.g. variations in sunlight intensity) or, more recently, human activities. In recent usage, especially in the context of environmental policy, the term 'climate change' often refers only to changes in modern climate, including the rise in average surface temperature known as global warming. This new book presents leading-edge research in this fast-moving field.