November 23, 2020

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Wear of Polymers and Composites

Wear of Polymers and Composites
Author : Ahmed Abdelbary
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2015-01-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :256
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In the field of tribology, the wear behaviour of polymers and composite materials is considered a highly non-linear phenomenon. Wear of Polymers and Composites introduces fundamentals of polymers and composites tribology. The book suggests a new approach to explore the effect of applied load and surface defects on the fatigue wear behaviour of polymers, using a new tribometer and thorough experiments. It discusses effects of surface cracks, under different static and cyclic loading parameters on wear, and presents an intelligent algorithm, in the form of a neural network, to map the relationship between wear rate and relevant factors. Using the aforementioned method leads to more accurate and cost effective prediction of surface fatigue wear rates, under different service conditions. The first three chapters of the book introduce polymers and composite materials tribology, followed by three chapters that cover testing in wear, applied load and contact pressure and surface defects. The remaining chapter moves on to predicting wear of polymers, and concludes by discussing questions and problems. Prepares senior undergraduates as well as postgraduate students Focuses on the factors influencing wear of polymers and composites Contains detailed design of Tribometer, wear test procedures and detailed dataset of more than 50 experimental wear tests Introduces an artificial neural network approach as one of the recently developed wear prediction models.

Friction and Wear of Polymer Composites

Friction and Wear of Polymer Composites
Author : Klaus Friedrich
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :478
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Providing a useful summary of current knowledge on the friction and wear properties of composite materials, this book fills the gap between publications on fundamental principles of tribology and those on the friction and wear behavior of metals and polymers. Detailed coverage is given of: the fundamental aspects of tribology in general and polymer composites in particular; the effects of the microstructure of composites on friction and wear behavior under different external loading conditions; and the problem of the control of friction and wear behavior in practical situations. Although emphasis is on polymer composites associated with bearing-type applications, part of the book is also devoted to the friction and wear of metal-based composites and rubber compounds. The data are represented in the form of 277 figures, diagrams and photographs, and 68 tables. The author index covers more than 670 references, and the subject index more than 1,000 keywords. The book will be of particular interest to: those involved in research on some aspects of polymer composites tribology (material scientists, physical chemists, mechanical engineers); those wishing to learn more methods for solving practical friction or wear problems (designers, engineers and technologists in industries, dealing with selection, reprocessing and application of polymer engineering materials); and teachers and students at universities.

Friction and Wear of Polymers

Friction and Wear of Polymers
Author : G.M. Bartenev,V.V. Lavrentev
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1981-11-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :319
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Friction and Wear of Polymers

Reinforced Polymer Composites

Reinforced Polymer Composites
Author : Pramendra K. Bajpai,Inderdeep Singh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-12-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :288
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Presents state-of-the-art processing techniques and readily applicable knowledge on processing of polymer composites The book presents the advancement in the field of reinforced polymer composites with emphasis on manufacturing techniques, including processing of different reinforced polymer composites, secondary processing of green composites, and post life cycle processing. It discusses the advantages and limitations of each processing method and the effect of processing parameters on the overall performance of the composites. Characterization and applications of reinforced polymer composites are also introduced. Reinforced Polymer Composites: Processing, Characterization and Post Life Cycle Assessment starts off by providing readers with a comprehensive overview of the field. It then introduces them to the fabrication of both short fiber/filler reinforced polymer composites and laminated reinforced polymer composites. Next, it takes them through the processing of polymer-based nanocomposites; the many advances in curing methods of reinforced polymer composites; and post life cycle processing, re-processing, and disposal mechanisms of reinforced polymer composites. Numerous other chapters cover: synthetic versus natural fiber reinforced plastics; characterization techniques of reinforced plastics; friction and wear analysis of reinforced plastics; secondary processing of reinforced plastics; and applications of reinforced plastics. -Presents the latest development in materials, processing, and characterization techniques, as well as applications of reinforced polymer composites -Guides users in choosing the best processing methods to produce polymer composites and successfully manufacture high quality products -Assists academics in sorting out basic research questions and helps those in industry manufacture products, such as marine, automotive, aerospace, and sport goods Reinforced Polymer Composites: Processing, Characterization and Post Life Cycle Assessment is an important book for materials scientists, polymer chemists, chemical engineers, process engineers, and anyone involved in the chemical or plastics technology industry.

Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites

Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites
Author : Klaus Friedrich,Alois K. Schlarb
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2013-05-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :832
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Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites provides a comprehensive description of polymeric nanocomposites, both as bulk materials and as thin surface coatings, and provides rare, focused coverage of their tribological behavior and potential use in tribological applications. Providing engineers and designers with the preparation techniques, friction and wear mechanisms, property information and evaluation methodology needed to select the right polymeric nanocomposites for the job, this unique book also includes valuable real-world examples of polymeric nanocomposites in action in tribological applications. Provides a complete reference to polmer nanocomposite material use in tribology from preparation through to selection and use. Explains the theory through examples of real-world applications, keeping this high-level topic practical and accessible. Includes contributions from more than 20 international tribology experts to offer broad yet detailed coverage of this fast-moving field.

Polymer Tribology

Polymer Tribology
Author : Sujeet K Sinha,Brian J Briscoe
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2009-03-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :724
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This book deals with the new and now-expanding field of friction, wear, and other surface-related mechanical phenomena for polymers. Polymers have been used in various forms such as bulk, films, and composites in applications where their friction, wear resistance, and other surface-related properties have been effectively utilized. There are also many examples in which polymers have performed extremely well, such as in tyres, shoes, brakes, gears, bearings, small moving parts in electronics and MEMS, cosmetics/hair products, and artificial human joints. Around the world, much research is currently being undertaken to develop new polymers, in different forms, for further enhancing tribological performance and for finding novel applications. Keeping in view the importance of tribology of polymers for research and technology as well as the vast literature that is now available in research papers and review articles, this timely book brings together a wealth of research data for an understanding of the basic principles of the subject. Contents: Bulk Polymers:Adhesion and Friction of PolymersTribophysical Interpretation of Polymer Sliding MechanismsScaling Effects in Tribotesting of PolymersBiopolymer TribologyReinforced Polymers:Wear of Polytetrafluoroethylene and PTFE CompositesMechanical and Tribological Behaviour of Polymers Filled with Inorganic Particulate FillersThe Sliding Wear of Polypropylene and Its BlendsBrake Friction MaterialsPolymer Films:Mechanical Properties of Thin Polymer Films Within ContactsAFM Testing of Polymeric Resist Films for Nanoimprint Lithographyand other papers Readership: Engineering professionals working on polymers for designing bearing materials; managers and researchers in materials laboratories; graduate students in the area of materials/tribology. Keywords:Polymer;Tribology;Wear;Friction;ScratchingKey Features:Covers, for the first time, all areas of polymer tribology (bulk, films, composites, and applications) in one comprehensive bookDescribes new applications for polymers, such as in microscale and nanoscale machines where surface properties or tribology play a crucial role in the durability and performance of the machineCompiles various works in this area into one volume, and includes opinions or contributions from some of the world's leading authorities in this fieldReviews:“This book brings together a vast wealth of research data and a fundamental understanding of the basic principles in this important research area. Those working in the field of polymer tribology will find it helpful in learning about the most recent developments. Those new to the area will find its many chapters on the fundamentals of polymer tribology very instructive.”IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine

Advances in Polymer Friction and Wear

Advances in Polymer Friction and Wear
Author : Lieng-Huang Lee
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :407
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Polymers and polymer composites have been increasinqly used in place of metals for various industries; namely, aerospace, automotive, bio-medical, computer, electrophotography, fiber, and rubber tire. Thus, an understanding of the interactions between polymers and between a polymer and a rigid counterface can enhance the applications of polymers under various environments. In meet ing this need, polymer tribology has evolved to deal with friction, lubrication and wear of polymeric materials and to answer some of the problems related to polymer-polymer interactions or oolymer rigid body interactions. The purpose of this first International Symposium was to introduce advances in studies of polymer friction and wear, especially in Britain and the U.S.S.R. Most earlier studies of the Fifties were stimulated by the growth of rubber tire industries. Continuous research through the Sixties has broadened the base to include other polymers such as nylon, polyolefins, and poly tetra fluoroethylene, or PTFE. However, much of this work was published in engineering or physics journals and rarely in chemistry journals; presumably, the latter have always considered the work to be too applied or too irrelevant. Not until recent years have chemists started to discover words such as tribo-chemistry or mechano chemistry and gradually become aware of an indispensable role in this field of polymer tribology. Thus, we were hoping to bring the technology up to date during this SympOSium, especially to the majority of participants, polymer chemists by training.

Handbook of Polymer Tribology

Handbook of Polymer Tribology
Author : Sujeet Kumar Sinha
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category :
Total pages :129
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Friction and Wear in Polymer-Based Materials

Friction and Wear in Polymer-Based Materials
Author : V. A. Bely,A. I. Sviridenok,M. I. Petrokovets
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :426
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Friction and Wear in Polymer-Based Materials discusses friction and wear problems in polymer-based materials. The book is organized into three parts. The chapters in Part I cover the basic laws of friction and wear in polymer-based materials. Topics covered include frictional interaction during metal-polymer contact and the influence of operating conditions on wear in polymers. The chapters in Part II discuss the structure and frictional properties of polymer-based materials; the mechanism of frictional transfer when a polymer comes into contact with polymers, metals, and other materials; and controlling the frictional properties of polymer materials. Part III is devoted to applications of polymer-based materials in friction assemblies. It covers composite self-lubricating materials and polymer materials for complexly loaded main friction assemblies. This work may prove useful to specialists interested in the problems of using polymer materials. It also aims to stimulate deeper research into the field of friction and wear in polymer-based materials.

Tribology of Polymer Composites

Tribology of Polymer Composites
Author : Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Suchart Siengchin,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Klaus Friedrich
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-09-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :400
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Tribology of Polymer Composites: Characterization, Properties, and Applications provides an exhaustive overview of the latest research, trends, applications and future directions of the tribology of polymer composites. Covering novel methods for the synthesis of polymer composites and their properties, the book starts by reviewing the fabrication techniques, wear and frictional properties of polymer composite materials. From there, it features chapters looking at the tribological behavior and properties of specific polymer composite materials such as synthetic fiber-reinforced, cellulose fiber-reinforced, wood fiber, synthetic fiber, mineral fiber-reinforced, and thermosetting composites. Final chapters cover the tribology of polymer nanocomposites and particulate polymer composites and their metal coatings. Applied examples spanning a wide range of industries are emphasized in each chapter. Demonstrates the potential of polymer composites and their applications Covers novel methods for the synthesis of polymer composites and their properties Reviews the fabrication techniques, wear and frictional properties of polymer composite materials

Wear

Wear
Author : Gwidon W. Stachowiak
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2006-08-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :478
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Tribology is emerging from the realm of steam engines and crank-case lubricants and becoming key to vital new technologies such as nanotechnology and MEMS. Wear is an integral part of tribology, and an effective understanding and appreciation of wear is essential in order to achieve the reliable and efficient operation of almost any machine or device. Knowledge in the field has increased considerably over recent years, and continues to expand: this book is intended to stimulate its readers to contribute towards the progress of this fascinating subject that relates to most of the known disciplines in physical science. Wear – Materials, Mechanisms and Practice provides the reader with a unique insight into our current understanding of wear, based on the contributions of numerous internationally acclaimed specialists in the field. Offers a comprehensive review of current knowledge in the field of wear. Discusses latest topics in wear mechanism classification. Includes coverage of a wide variety of materials such as metals, polymers, polymer composites, diamonds, and diamond-like films and ceramics. Discusses the chemo-mechanical linkages that control tribology, providing a more complete treatment of the subject than just the conventional mechanical treatments. Illustrated throughout with carefully compiled diagrams that provide a unique insight into the controlling mechanisms of tribology. The state of the art research on wear and the mechanisms of wear featured will be of interest to post-graduate students and lecturers in engineering, materials science and chemistry. The practical applications discussed will appeal to practitioners across virtually all sectors of engineering and industry including electronic, mechanical and electrical, quality and reliability and design.

Extreme Tribology

Extreme Tribology
Author : Ahmed Abdelbary
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-01-09
Category : Science
Total pages :316
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Tribology is an unfamiliar term for many, but is experienced by all. It is the science of friction, wear and lubrication of contacting surfaces in relative motion. The aim of this book is to introduce the fundamentals of tribology as well as its challenges in extreme operating conditions. The book comprises a historical background and an introduction to familiarize both undergraduate and postgraduate readers with such an important topic. It addresses a comprehensive coverage of classical tribology of solid contacts, friction mechanics, wear mechanisms and lubrication technologies. The tribology of polymer composites, MEMS and NEMS are explored. In addition, tribology of automotive components is presented, as are tribological applications in many practical situations.Various test methods used in evaluating wear are reviewed. Diverse techniques applied in predicting wear behavior by mathematical models, FE modeling and ANN approach are discussed. The book reviews key features of extraordinary conditions associated with, but not limited to, harsh environments, severe sliding and poor lubrication challenges. A basic understanding of failure modes in tribological systems is covered. The state-of-the-art research on tribology under these extreme conditions is extensively discussed, which will be of interest to researchers. The book highlights solutions for extreme tribology problems and provides an overview of various factors affecting tribosystems in harsh conditions.

Tribology of Natural Fiber Polymer Composites

Tribology of Natural Fiber Polymer Composites
Author : Mohammed Fahim,Navin Chand
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-10-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :220
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Environmental concerns are driving demand for bio-degradable materials such as plant-based natural fiber reinforced polymer composites. These composites are fast replacing conventional materials in many applications, especially in automobiles, where tribology (friction, lubrication and wear) is important. This book covers the availability and processing of natural fiber polymer composites and their structural, thermal, mechanical and, in particular, tribological properties. Chapter 1 discusses sources of natural fibers, their extraction and surface modification. It also reviews the thermal, structural, mechanical, spectroscopic and morphological properties of unmodified and chemically modified natural fibers such as sisal, jute, wood, bamboo and cotton together with their potential applications. Chapter 2 gives a brief introduction to the tribology of polymer composites and the role of fiber reinforcement and fillers in modifying their tribological properties. Further chapters discuss the chemical composition, physical structure, mechanical properties and tribological behaviour of polymer composites reinforced with sisal, jute, cotton and bamboo fibers. The tribological behaviour of wood polymer composites (WPCs) is also discussed. Tribology of natural fibre polymer composites is a useful reference guide for engineers, scientific and technical personnel involved in the development of natural fiber composites. In particular it will give an insight into mechanical properties and failure mechanisms in situations where wear, lubrication and friction are a problem. Examines the availability and processing of natural fiber composites and their structural, thermal, mechanical and tribological properties Explores sources of natural fibers, their extraction and surface modification as well as properties of chemically modified natural fibers Provides an overview of the tribology of polymer composites and the role of fiber reinforcement and filters in modifying tribological composites

Synthesis and Tribological Applications of Hybrid Materials

Synthesis and Tribological Applications of Hybrid Materials
Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Rajini Nagarajan,Jacob Sukumaran,Patrick De Baets
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release Date : 2018-10-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :248
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In-depth knowledge on tribological applications of hybrid composites Synthesis and Tribological Applications of Hybrid Materials provides a comprehensive overview of tribological properties of hybrid composites. The book offers an understanding of the processes, materials, techniques and mechanisms related to the tribological concepts and includes information on the most recent developments in the field. With contributions from an international panel of experts, the book discusses the synthesis and characterization of hybrid materials, as well as their applications in biotechnological and biomedical fields. The book covers a wide-range of versatile topics such as: Tribological assessment on accelerated aging bones in polymeric condition; Nano fracture and wear testing on natural bones; Tribological behaviour of glass fiber with fillers reinforced hybrid polymer composites and jute/glass hybrid composites; Wear properties of glass fiber hybrid, and acid- and silane-modified CNT filled hybrid glass/kenaf epoxy composites; Hybrid natural fibre composites as a friction material; and much more. This important resource: -Discusses recent advancements in the field of tribology and hybrid materials -Offers a guide for professionals in the fields of materials science, mechanical engineering, biomaterials, chemistry, physics and nanotechnology -Integrates theory, synthesis and properties of nybrid materals as well as their applications -Offers an outlook to the future of this burgeoning technology Written for materials scientists, surface chemists, bioengineers, mechanical engineers, engineering scientists and chemical industry professionals, Synthesis and Tribological Applications of Hybrid Materials is a comprehensive resource that explores the most recent developments in the field.

Multifunctionality of Polymer Composites

Multifunctionality of Polymer Composites
Author : Klaus Friedrich,Ulf Breuer
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2015-05-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :996
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Multi-Functionality of Polymer Composites: Challenges and New Solutions brings together contributions from experts in the field of multifunctionality, presenting state-of-the-art discussion of this exciting and rapidly developing field, thus key enabling technologies for future applications. The text will enable engineers and materials scientists to achieve multifunctionality in their own products using different types of polymer matrices and various nano- and micro-sized fillers and reinforcements, including, but not limited to, carbon nanotubes and graphene. In addition, technologies for the integration of active materials such as shape memory alloys are discussed. The latest developments in a wide range of applications, including automotive/aerospace, electronics, construction, medical engineering, and future trends are discussed, making this book an essential reference for any researcher or engineer hoping to stay ahead of the curve in this high-potential area. Provides information on composites and their inherent engineering advantages over traditional materials. Presents state-of-the-art information on this exciting and rapidly developing field, enabling engineers and materials scientists to achieve multi-functionality in their own products. Includes the latest developments in a wide range of applications, including automotive/aerospace, electronics, construction, and medical engineering. An essential reference for any researcher or engineer hoping to stay ahead of the curve in this high-potential area.